International Journal of Educational Management: Volume 16 Issue 4


Table of contents

Parallel leadership: a clue to the contents of the “black box” of school reform

Dorothy Andrews, Frank Crowther

The concept of parallel leadership that is introduced in this article derives from a five‐year research project that was first reported in IJEM in 1997. Parallel leadership…


The radicalization of the multiversity: the case of the networked business school

Lars T. Moratis, Peter J. van Baalen

Transformations in the context of higher education urge educational institutions to (re)position and (re)organize themselves to counter the challenges these transformations bring…


External evaluation and the organizational development of schools in Portugal: new challenges for the General Inspectorate of Education

Alexandre Ventura, Jorge Adelino Costa

Analyzes the development of the external evaluation models of schools in Portugal. Gives special emphasis to the current situation and role of inspection with a constant…

Diagnosing and improving the quality of teachers’ interpersonal behaviour

Perry den Brok, Mieke Brekelmans, Jack Levy, Theo Wubbels

Due to increased external, societal pressure on schools via developments such as accountability and accreditation, there is a growing need of schools for instruments that provide…


Learning beyond mentoring: the Singapore experience

Lee Hean Lim

In Singapore, mentoring was the key feature of a development strategy for aspiring principals for one and a half decades. Many of the former participant protégés are currently…


Assessing competency of Pakistani primary school teachers in mathematics, science and pedagogy

Muhammad Saeed, Khalid Mahmood

The study is aimed at investigating the competency level of primary school teachers in the disciplines of science, mathematics and pedagogy. The sample comprised 1,800 randomly…


Rethinking schools and school leadership for the twenty‐first century: changes and challenges

Brent Davies

School leaders face many changes and challenges as they navigate their schools through complex and turbulent educational environments. Highly effective school leaders cope with…

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  • Prof. Chris Brown
  • Dr Dong Nguyen