Multidimensional Strategic Outlook on Global Competitive Energy Economics and Finance

Cover of Multidimensional Strategic Outlook on Global Competitive Energy Economics and Finance
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(15 chapters)

Prelims

Pages i-xi
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Abstract

This chapter aims to identify new perspectives of geothermal energy investments. For this purpose, all studies in the Web of Science regarding the geothermal energy are taken into consideration. These studies are evaluated with the help of text-mining approach. In this framework, most frequently stated words, two words, and three words are identified. It is concluded that technological development with respect to the geothermal energy is an important issue in this framework. After that, it is also determined that risk is another important factor in this regard. Finally, new implications regarding the geothermal energy are also considered by the researchers. Geothermal energy has a positive contribution to solve many different problems, such as energy dependency, current account deficit problem, and carbon emission. Hence, this study generated the significant issues to improve these investments. While considering the results, it is understood that technological developments related to the geothermal energy projects should be followed effectively. In addition, an effective risk evaluation should be conducted before implementing these projects.

Abstract

In modern conditions energy investment in Russia the world and cash flow status sectors is sufficient tense: financial institutions are forced to act in the following conditions: deficiencies in money supply and underestimated financial assets and liabilities of active site balance of payments. However, fast ones actions regulators contribute to mitigation measures the crisis. This very clearly shows the importance of monetary policy in Russia in regards to modern economic relations. Modern reality of development of energy investment and a new period of functioning of the economy were determined by necessity for revision of theoretical data basics and practical analysis of monetary policies, which determine the basic direction of this study. Monetary policy does not apply to financial institutions. It is fully autonomous, as end goals of monetary and credit control system regulations coincide with basic principle objectives of the macroeconomic policies of countries.

Abstract

There have been increasing numbers of studies on the role of energy and environmental pollution upon income of the economies across the countries after the development of the endogenous growth literature. As standard practice, the factors which make explanations of why the developed countries are growing more compared to the common list of developing countries are the knowledge capital, role of institutions, etc. But, the roles of energy use and environmental resources upon economic growth have also been identified as additional source of endogenous growth. Sometimes, in certain economies, it is observed that both the factors maintain bidirectional causal relations with the level and growth of income. The present chapter aims to investigate whether energy use and environmental pollution make a cause to the level of income measured by gross domestic product, in both the long run and short run, for the world's highly developing group of economies in the nomenclature of BRICS. The period of study is taken to be 1990–2016 for which the data on all the indicators are available for the five member countries of the group. Using a VAR model, the study arrives at the conclusion that all the three are cointegrated for Brazil and Russia only. Further, there are short-run causal interplays among the three in different combinations across the member countries. While GDP and energy use are the common cause of CO2 emission for Brazil, India, and China; energy use and CO2 emissions are to GDP in India, South Africa, and China.

Abstract

A retrospective study of the interdependence of financial development and energy investment can show us that the opinions of scientists have changed quite dynamically in previous centuries regarding the role of the financial sector in the economy. This is primarily due to technological innovations and economic transformations. At the same time, it is worth mentioning the main approaches and directions prevailing in economics over the past time. The founder of the theory that financial markets have a positive impact on the development of the economy is the English economist Walter Bagehot. In his work, published in 1873, the author analyzes the economic processes of that time and, as a result, gets a general description of the ongoing interactions between the financial and real sectors. His most important conclusion for us is that loan capital, according to the economist, contributes to the expansion of production.

Abstract

It is seen that emotional intelligence, which is the subject of research in many disciplines, especially psychology and social sciences, is one of the prominent concepts. Emotional intelligence has become a sought-after feature especially for today's leaders. It is possible to say that emotional intelligence is an important feature for leaders in the energy sector as well as for leaders in other fields. This study aims to determine how and to what extent emotional intelligence has an effect on leadership characteristics in today's conditions where the need for leadership is increasing. In this study, it is aimed to reveal the effects of emotional intelligence levels of managers in the energy sector on leadership. For this purpose, hypotheses have been developed, and a research has been conducted on managerial employees in an enterprise operating in the energy sector in order to test the hypotheses. In the study, the effects of emotional intelligence dimensions such as optimism, use of emotions, and evaluation of emotions on leadership were measured by analyzing the data obtained as a result of the questionnaire application. SPSS package program was used for statistical analysis of the data. According to the results of the research, it was determined that effective leadership increased as optimism/mood regulation increased. Similarly, as the evaluation of emotions increased, effective leadership increased.

Abstract

The development of mathematics allows scientists from related fields to build certain scientific models and conduct research. This is especially true for econometric research involving the processing of large amounts of data. One of the main roles in this case is played by a set of regression analysis methods. Its essence is to determine the influence of some variables on others. Up to this point, the studied topic of the relationship between economic growth and financial development was largely characterized by the construction of regression models, comparing them with each other, and determining the most fair and justified ones. The methods of these studies were different, as well as the results. This is due to the rapid development of this scientific field.

Abstract

The different methods were used to measure the impact of financial development on energy investment. This is largely due to a certain set of factors that have the influence of their relationship. First of all, based on the research results, several groups of factors are identified that determine the nonlinear interaction of the financial sector and energy investment. This is characterized by the fact that at different values of these indicators, financial development has an ambiguous impact on energy investment. There are several such groups in total. The first ones are usually institutional factors, indicators that characterize the legal system and the level of development of social institutions. In the absence of a sufficient level of legal framework, financial markets will be unstable, which will undermine the demand for financial sector services. Countries with a high level of development of legal institutions have a guarantee for economic entities in the stable development of economic relations.

Abstract

Because of the consequences of changes in inflation, which affect the behavior of economic agents, the banking system, and the size of investments, high inflation provokes investors to withdraw funds from long-term projects and invest them in the banking sector. This effect reduces potential economic growth. In turn, the low level of inflation, which persists for a sufficient time interval of several years, indicates the stability of the national economy and attracts external and internal investors, contributes to economic growth. Based on this, it can be assumed that the presence of this relationship will be observed when analyzing data from national economies. Therefore, we can distinguish several hypotheses: inflation has a certain relationship with the indicator of financial development (h1); Inflation and financial development have a nonlinear relationship (h2); monetary policy implemented in the state can have a positive impact on the indicators of financial development, which will affect the dynamics of economic growth (h3). For this purpose, a sample was made from five countries: Germany, United States, Canada, China, Japan, and also Russia was selected in addition to them. This group of countries describes different aspects of the financial sector, as well as the level of economic development, so it will allow you to test hypotheses on a sufficient number of examples. The set of macroeconomic indicators of these countries is sufficiently studied, so it was easily amenable to econometric analysis.

Abstract

This study investigates the relationship among economic growth, energy usage, urbanization, trade openness, carbon emission, ecological footprint, and ecological carbon footprint with the sample of G-7 countries over the period 1991–2017. The Continuously-Updated and Fully-Modified (CUP-FM) estimator method applied to the panel series is utilized. As a result of empirical analysis, an increase in the real per capita GDP increases the ecological footprint by 0.844%. Also, there are positive impacts that are detrimental to the environment among the environmental quality and explanatory variables for each established model. The findings indicate that a relationship exists among the variables in the long run, and at the same time, carbon emission as an indicator of pollution should be noticed as well as the ecological footprint and ecological carbon footprint. It is observed that a positive relationship exists among the variables such as economic growth, energy usage, and environmental pollution indicator. In this context, G-7 countries indicate that, upon taking their developed economic structures and global pollution levels into account, the Environment Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis becomes valid, and that the U-shaped behavior is valid for the total ecological footprint. It is been seen that, besides economic growth and energy usage, other explanatory variables contribute to environmental degradation in trade openness. In compliance with these results, in terms of the sustainability of economic development, G-7 countries should pay attention to economic activities that would impair the environmental quality and control them with regulations.

Abstract

The different methods were used to measure the impact of financial development on economic growth. This is largely due to a certain set of factors that have the influence of their relationship. First of all, based on the research results, several groups of factors are identified that determine the nonlinear interaction of the financial sector and economic growth. This is characterized by the fact that at different values of these indicators, financial development has an ambiguous impact on economic growth. There are several such groups in total. The first ones are usually institutional factors, indicators that characterize the legal system and the level of development of social institutions. In the absence of a sufficient level of legal framework, financial markets will be unstable, which will undermine the demand for financial sector services. Countries with a high level of development of legal institutions have a guarantee for economic entities in the stable development of economic relations.

Abstract

Today, the demand for renewable energy investments is increasing due to the increase in the world population and the rapid depletion of resources. Renewable energy investments are seen as an area that requires more technical knowledge and experience than nonrenewable energy investments. For this reason, qualified workforce is important in this field. The aim of our study is to reveal the criteria by which renewable energy investments are effective on qualified labor supply. According to the results of our study, in which the analytic hierarchy process method was used, the criterion with the highest weight was determined as “harmonizing universities with undergraduate and graduate level education and internship opportunities.” When this criterion is taken into account, the implementation of policies toward university education in this field together with the renewable energy investments of the countries will positively affect the qualified labor supply.

Abstract

Beginning from the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic, crypto assets have intensely been in the spotlight and have attracted significant investor attention. By being the first blockchain product, Bitcoin is the first crypto asset and still dominates the entire crypto market capitalization. In this study, we shed light on whether this energy-hungry crypto asset is an effective tool for portfolio volatility reduction from the perspective of the Modern Portfolio Theory. Based on a two-year period from April 2019 to April 2021, which includes the extreme impacts (crash and rally) of the pandemic on markets, we conclude that Bitcoin is not a beneficial instrument for volatility reduction if short-selling is not allowed. After removing this restriction, Bitcoin has very small negative investment weights in minimum variance portfolios. In other words, short-selling Bitcoin slightly reduces portfolio volatility.

Abstract

It is predicted that the bitcoin system will enter many areas of our lives in the future. Although it has many benefits, the most criticized issue of this system is excessive energy consumption. Since an excessive amount of energy is used in this process, it is vital that the preferred energy is environmentally friendly. For example, mining bitcoin with fossil fuels is likely to release a significant amount of carbon gas into the atmosphere. This will cause serious environmental problems. Therefore, great attention should be paid to the type of energy that will be used in bitcoin mining. In this study, it was stated that it would be beneficial to prefer nuclear energy in bitcoin mining. As a result of the use of nuclear energy, no carbon gas is released into the atmosphere. This will help reduce environmental pollution to a significant extent. Another dimension of nuclear energy being preferred in bitcoin mining is that the energy produced is continuous. The main reason for this is that nuclear energy is not affected by climatic conditions and temperature differences. Thanks to the preference of nuclear energy in bitcoin mining, it will be possible to contribute to the uninterrupted progress of this process.

Index

Pages 179-182
Content available
Cover of Multidimensional Strategic Outlook on Global Competitive Energy Economics and Finance
DOI
10.1108/9781801178983
Publication date
2022-02-18
Editors
ISBN
978-1-80117-899-0
eISBN
978-1-80117-898-3