To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Current Readings on the Iran‐Iraq Conflict and Its Effects on U.S. Foreign Relations and Policy

Magda El‐Sherbini (Middle East/general cataloger at the Ohio State University Libraries, Ohio State University.)

Reference Services Review

ISSN: 0090-7324

Article publication date: 1 February 1989



The conflict between Iran and Iraq is not new; it dates from long before September 1980. In fact, the origins of the current war can be traced to the battle of Qadisiyah in Southern Iraq in 637 A.D., a battle in which the Arab armies of General Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas decisively defeated the Persian army. In victory, the Arab armies extended Islam east of the Zagros Mountains to Iran. In defeat, the Persian Empire began a steady decline that lasted until the sixteenth century. However, since the beginning of that century, Persia has occupied Iraq three times: 1508–1514, 1529–1543, and 1623–1638. Boundary disputes, specifically over the Shatt al‐Arab Waterway, and old enmities caused the wars. In 1735, belligerent Iranian naval forces entered the Shatt al‐Arab but subsequently withdrew. Twenty years later, Iranians occupied the city of Sulimaniah and threatened to occupy the neighboring countries of Bahrain and Kuwait. In 1847, Iran dominated the eastern bank of the Shatt al‐Arab and occupied Mohamarah in Iraq.


El‐Sherbini, M. (1989), "Current Readings on the Iran‐Iraq Conflict and Its Effects on U.S. Foreign Relations and Policy", Reference Services Review, Vol. 17 No. 2, pp. 27-39.




Copyright © 1989, MCB UP Limited

Related articles