To read this content please select one of the options below:

Photonic Systems Interconnections—Overcoming the High Speed Electronics Bottleneck

D.H. Hartman (Bell Communications Research, Morristown, New Jersey, USA)

Microelectronics International

ISSN: 1356-5362

Article publication date: 1 February 1988



Fundamental engineering limits to very high speed electronics switching systems are employed. These limitations are caused by packaging and interconnection constraints, as well as device switching speed. From the device viewpoint, reactive parasitics caused by the packaging/interconnection scenario are discussed. From the systems level perspective, overall delay, delay variance and power consumption are explored. The important problem of clock distribution in high speed synchronous digital systems is discussed. These limitations are then revisited with photonics implementation in mind. Comparisons are made between the electrical and photonic approaches. Some engineering limits to the photonic alternative are laid out.


Hartman, D.H. (1988), "Photonic Systems Interconnections—Overcoming the High Speed Electronics Bottleneck", Microelectronics International, Vol. 5 No. 2, pp. 12-18.




Copyright © 1988, MCB UP Limited

Related articles