In the year 1918 Bohemia, which had ceased to be an independent State in the catastrophe of the “White Mountain” three hundred years before, again emerged as the Western part of the new State of Czecho Slovakia. It is beside the point to consider how this came about beyond stating that Masaryk, Benes, Stepanik, and their associates in Europe, the United States and Canada, in spite of and also because of the Great War, quickly and successfully re‐established their country as a separate political entity on the break‐up of the Austro‐Hungarian Empire. The new State includes, besides Bohemia, Moravia, part of Siberia, and in its eastern part Ruthenia. Its area is about 50 thousand square miles. Its somewhat racially varied population is 14¾ million. Czecho Slovakia is the most central of European States. It has no seaboard, but Pressburg on the Danube is a not unimportant port. At present it is scarcely well served by canals. The railways under Austro‐Hungarian rule would seem to have been built, in part at least, rather for purposes of military strategy, leaving some of the more important districts to be served by single lines which are in some cases in course of being doubled by the present Government, or have already been doubled.
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