Prospects, determinants and challenges of implementing food banking: evidence from Ashanti Region of Ghana
World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development
Article publication date: 29 April 2021
Issue publication date: 6 July 2021
This paper seeks to examine the prospects and constraints of implementing food banking in the in Kumasi Metropolis in Ghana.
Multistage sampling technique was used to select 385 respondents for the study. Descriptive statistics were used to present prospects of food banking. The probit regression model was used to analyse factors influencing food banking implementation whereas Kendall's coefficient of concordance was used to analyse constraints in implementing food banking.
Addressing food poverty, helping to provide food aid to respondents in times of pandemics (such as Covid 19) and also helping in reducing food wastage were the most notable prospects of food banking. Age, household size, food bank awareness and food poverty had a significant positive influence on food banking implementation, whereas residential status and employment status had a significant negative influence on food banking implementation. The most pressing constraint in implementing food banking is funding and support with the mean rank of 3.03 whiles the least pressing constraint is improper documentation of potential beneficiaries with the mean rank of 6.72.
This study provides empirical contributions and practical implications for implementing food banks in Ghana. Thus, the government of Ghana through the Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MOFA) can enact policies that can help prevent food losses and wastage. In this vain, food which could have been wasted would be redirected to food banks. This can serve as a tool for social intervention, poverty alleviation and prevention of hunger among the vulnerable in Ghana.
Despite several studies on food banking in affluent countries, food banking research in developing countries such as Ghana remains scanty. Thus, this paper makes significant contributions to the literature on prospects and constraints in implementing food banking and the factors influencing food banking implementation.
The authors express sincere thanks and gratitude to Kelvin Kofi Asare and Emmanuel Nkansah for helping them in the data collection process. Also massive thanks to all the respondents in the study area for their cooperation.
Mensah, N.O., Asare, J.K., Amrago, E.C., Anang, S.A. and Nakuja, T. (2021), "Prospects, determinants and challenges of implementing food banking: evidence from Ashanti Region of Ghana", World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, Vol. 18 No. 3, pp. 303-319. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJSTSD-01-2021-0009
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