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Error analysis of laser scanner for robust autonomous navigation of mobile robot in diverse illumination environment

Ravinder Singh (Dr B. R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology Jalandhar, Jalandhar, India)
Kuldeep Singh Nagla (Dr B. R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology Jalandhar, Jalandhar, India)

World Journal of Engineering

ISSN: 1708-5284

Article publication date: 1 October 2018

Abstract

Purpose

Modern service robots are designed to work in a complex indoor environment, in which the robot has to interact with the objects in different ambient light intensities (day light, tube light, halogen light and dark ambiance). The variations in sudden ambient light intensities often cause an error in the sensory information of optical sensors like laser scanner, which reduce the reliability of the sensor in applications such as mapping, path planning and object detection of a mobile robot. Laser scanner is an optical sensor, so sensory information depends upon parameters like surface reflectivity, ambient light condition, texture of the targets, etc. The purposes of this research are to investigate and remove the effect of variation in ambient light conditions on the laser scanner to achieve robust autonomous mobile robot navigation.

Design/methodology/approach

The objective of this study is to analyze the effect of ambient light condition (dark ambiance, tube light and halogen bulb) on the accuracy of the laser scanner for the robust autonomous navigation of mobile robot in diverse illumination environments. A proposed AIFA (Adaptive Intensity Filter Algorithm) approach is designed in robot operating system (ROS) and implemented on a mobile robot fitted with laser scanner to reduce the effect of high-intensity ambiance illumination of the environment.

Findings

It has been experimentally found that the variation in the measured distance in dark is more consistent and accurate as compared to the sensory information taken in high-intensity tube light/halogen bulbs and in sunlight. The proposed AIFA approach is implement on a laser scanner fitted on a mobile robot which navigates in the high-intensity ambiance-illuminating complex environment. During autonomous navigation of mobile robot, while implementing the AIFA filter, the proportion of cession with the obstacles is reduce to 23 per cent lesser as compared to conventional approaches.

Originality/value

The proposed AIFA approach reduced the effect of the varying ambient light conditions in the sensory information of laser scanner for the applications such as autonomous navigation, path planning, mapping, etc. in diverse ambiance environment.

Keywords

Citation

Singh, R. and Nagla, K.S. (2018), "Error analysis of laser scanner for robust autonomous navigation of mobile robot in diverse illumination environment", World Journal of Engineering, Vol. 15 No. 5, pp. 626-632. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJE-08-2017-0228

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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