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Experimental investigation of a pyramid type solar still with porous material: productivity assessment

Naresh Yarramsetty (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat, India)
Naveen Sharma (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Netaji Subhas University of Technology, Delhi, India)
Modumudi Lakshmi Narayana (Department of Mechanical Engineering, DVR and Dr HS MIC College of Technology, Kanchikacherla, India)

World Journal of Engineering

ISSN: 1708-5284

Article publication date: 9 August 2021

Issue publication date: 11 January 2023




This study aims to investigate the effect of porous material (clay pots) and it is facing on the productivity performance of a pyramid type solar still. The clay pots are placed in the basin facing up and facing down. The numbers of clay pots considered were 9 and 25, and its performance was compared with normal (0 clay pots) solar still.


The pyramid solar water distillation system has been designed, fabricated and tested under the actual environmental conditions of Kanchikacherla (16.6834 0N, 80.3904 0E), Andhra Pradesh, India. The solar still is used to produce the fresh water and hot water simultaneously from the brackish (i.e. containing dissolved salts) feed water for domestic applications. From open literature, it was established that the rate of evaporation is higher when the flowing water is held for a longer duration on the black color absorber plate, thereby leading to an increase in productivity of freshwater. Therefore, the pyramid solar still has been tested for smooth absorber plate and the absorber plate with porous heat storage material.


The porous material increases the production rate of freshwater compared to a base plate. However, the pyramid still with clay pots has higher productivity at a lower temperature because of the porosity effect.


The total dissolved solids, electrical conductivity and pH of the distilled water and the saline water have also been measured and compared.



Yarramsetty, N., Sharma, N. and Narayana, M.L. (2023), "Experimental investigation of a pyramid type solar still with porous material: productivity assessment", World Journal of Engineering, Vol. 20 No. 1, pp. 178-185.



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