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Preparing the post-pandemic workforce for the cruise and hospitality industry

Evette M. Smith Johnson (Faculty of General Studies, Caribbean Maritime University, Kingston, Jamaica)
Evora G. Mais Thompson (Department of Hospitality and Tourism, Knox Community College, Spalding, Jamaica)
Nanibala Immanuel Paul (Department of Graduate Education and Leadership, Northern Caribbean University, Mandeville, Jamaica)

Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes

ISSN: 1755-4217

Article publication date: 22 February 2022

Issue publication date: 22 March 2022




The aim of this article is to examine some of the imperatives surrounding the preparation of the workforce for the cruise and hospitality industry after the COVID-19 pandemic. This includes a competency-based approach to training.


An analysis of peer-reviewed material was conducted. This involved looking at the literature on the cruise and hospitality industry in the Caribbean region and specifically, Jamaica. Attention was then given to how aspects of training in competency-based education/training (CBE/T) could be utilised to prepare the workforce to sustain a viable cruise and hospitality industry during and after the pandemic.


The pandemic reveals some of the weaknesses of global tourism and academia more generally in terms of curricula and has pointed out that most of the training methods, techniques, pedagogies and subject areas may change in times of crisis in order to better prepare for response and recovery policies, strategies and research. Some of the competencies that the post-pandemic cruise and hospitality workforce will require were identified in the review, such as technological, health management and resilience competencies.

Practical implications

The review implies that there are new and emerging competencies that are driven by the COVID-19 pandemic. These must be reflected in a competency-based education and training (CBET) curricula as educational change will be required to prepare the post-pandemic workforce.

Social implications

Relationships and results will need to be the focus of CBET for the cruise and hospitality industry. Although the customer focus will remain for industry workers, the workforce will need to learn to interact with tourists via touchless applications, simulations and virtual interactions.


This paper is of value to educators and trainers in the cruise and hospitality industry.



Smith Johnson, E.M., Mais Thompson, E.G. and Immanuel Paul, N. (2022), "Preparing the post-pandemic workforce for the cruise and hospitality industry", Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, Vol. 14 No. 2, pp. 137-146.



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