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Tourism and carbon emissions: a bibliometric review of the last three decades: 1990–2021

Hari Govind Mishra (Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, Katra, India)
Shailesh Pandita (Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, Katra, India)
Aasif Ali Bhat (Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, Katra, India, and Institute of Public Enterprise, Hyderabad, India)
Ram Kumar Mishra (Institute of Public Enterprise, Hyderabad, India)
Sonali Sharma (Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, Katra, India)

Tourism Review

ISSN: 1660-5373

Article publication date: 29 October 2021

Issue publication date: 4 March 2022




The purpose of this paper is to review the diversified existing literature on tourism and carbon emissions using bibliometric analysis to churn down the multiple studies under one paper, which not only provides insights into the evolution and progress of the research area but also sets the future research agenda.


The study adopted the Scientometrics review methodology based on the bibliometric analysis. Bibliometric analysis is conducted through the following techniques, namely, citation analysis, thematic mapping, country collaboration, co-citation analysis and co-occurrence of keywords with the help of R-based bibliometrix and visualization of similarities (VOS) viewer open-source software.


The study identified the most prominent authors, studies, journals, affiliations and countries in the field of sustainable tourism, as well as the most co-cited authors and journals, based on a bibliometric analysis of 398 research papers retrieved from the Scopus database during the past three decades (1990–2021). Moreover, some of the relevant themes identified by the authors are energy use and carbon dioxide (CO2) emission of the tourism sector, economic impacts of tourism and CO2 emissions and CO2 emissions and carbon tax.


The outcome of the selected studies is a unique contribution to the field of sustainable tourism as it is one of the first known studies to review tourism and carbon emissions. It provides in-depth bibliometric analysis of articles and identification of the important research trends.



The authors are thankful to Chief Editor, Associate Editor and anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions.


Mishra, H.G., Pandita, S., Bhat, A.A., Mishra, R.K. and Sharma, S. (2022), "Tourism and carbon emissions: a bibliometric review of the last three decades: 1990–2021", Tourism Review, Vol. 77 No. 2, pp. 636-658.



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