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A systematic review of lean implementation frameworks and roadmaps: lessons learned and the way forward

Hafeeza Mamoojee-Khatib (Department of Management, University of Mauritius, Reduit, Mauritius)
Jiju Antony (Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Khalifa University of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates)
Viraiyan Teeroovengadum (Department of Management, University of Mauritius, Reduit, Mauritius)
Jose Arturo Garza-Reyes (Centre for Supply Chain Improvement, Derby Business School, The University of Derby, Derby, UK)
Guilherme Luz Tortorella (VCCC, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia)
Monika Foster (Department of Marketing, Operations and Systems, Faculty of Business and Law, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK)
Elizabeth A. Cudney (John E. Simon School of Business, Maryville University of Saint Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, USA)

The TQM Journal

ISSN: 1754-2731

Article publication date: 22 December 2023

192

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to carry out a comprehensive systematic review of lean implementation frameworks and roadmaps developed over the past decade and report the key findings along with the limitations and the way forward.

Design/methodology/approach

A systematic review methodology proposed by Tranfield (2003), was followed to identify the relevant works on the research topic. Articles were searched using a set of inclusion criteria in various databases including Google Scholar, Web of Science and Science Direct over a period of 30 years.

Findings

The high failure rate of lean system implementation, reaching a range between 70 and 90% in almost all industries, is a matter of concern. This failure rate is still high even though numerous frameworks and roadmap models exist to streamline lean implementation. There is no standard framework or roadmap identified in the literature and many organisations are implementing lean in their unique ways. However, it would be desirable to develop a practical and systematic roadmap on lean-looking into the cultural and leadership dimensions rather than focusing on a set of tools. Moreover, most frameworks and roadmaps lack the sustenance aspects of lean implementation.

Research limitations/implications

This research only identifies the fundamental gaps with the existing frameworks and roadmaps on lean implementation. The next phase of the research is to develop a roadmap and validate it with a number of organisations in different cultural contexts and leadership styles.

Originality/value

The authors argue that this is one of the most comprehensive systematic review on lean frameworks and roadmaps, ever produced in the literature to date.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Since submission of this article, the following author(s) have updated their affiliation(s): Jiju Antony is at the Department of Marketing, Operations and Systems, Faculty of Business and Law, Newcastle Business School, Northumbria University, England, UK.

Citation

Mamoojee-Khatib, H., Antony, J., Teeroovengadum, V., Garza-Reyes, J.A., Tortorella, G.L., Foster, M. and Cudney, E.A. (2023), "A systematic review of lean implementation frameworks and roadmaps: lessons learned and the way forward", The TQM Journal, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/TQM-09-2023-0280

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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