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The applications of Kaizen methods in project settings: applied study in Jordan

Khalil Ahmad Al-Hyari (Planning and Project Management Department, Al-Balqa Applied University, Salt, Jordan)
Mohammed Khair Abu Zaid (Al-Balqa Applied University, Salt, Jordan)
Omar Suleiman Arabeyyat (Al-Balqa Applied University, Salt, Jordan)
Laith Al-Qwasmeh (Norwegian Refugee’s Council (Jordan/Zaatari), Amman, Jordan)
Mohamed Haffar (University of Bradford, Bradford, UK)

The TQM Journal

ISSN: 1754-2731

Article publication date: 18 September 2019

Issue publication date: 27 September 2019




The purpose of this paper is to explore the results of implementing the Kaizen approach in a caravan repairing project near the Jordanian–Syrian border in the Zaatari camp.


The study is based on the exploratory qualitative research approach. The data were collected through interviews and on-site observation with employees who were involved with the caravan maintenance project and have adequate knowledge and information about this project. In this process, a fishbone diagram, a quality control tool, is used to recognize and explain a causal-effect relationship under the selected Kaizen theme.


The findings suggest that the Kaizen approach was economical in terms of both money and time. Also, waste elimination can be achieved through a variety of tools and easily combined with the Kaizen approach. Implementing the Kaizen approach is an effective and reliable system that allows for the tackling of all types of inefficiencies in the caravan repairing project.

Research limitations/implications

The findings of this study will help policy makers and managers put together suitable and effective policies that will assist those firms in overcoming the demands of customers and competitors to deliver high quality, inexpensive products in less time through the application of the Kaizen approach. This, in turn, will lead to improved quality, efficiency and productivity in the most cost-effective way. However, these results should not be generalized since they are only confined to the context of caravan repairing project.


Very little research has been done that takes into account the contexts of developing countries. Additionally, most literature presents the use of Kaizen applications only in the manufacturing or production sectors. This study is the first to implement Kaizen as a continuous improvement technique in a caravan repairing project – a job shop industry different from the repetitive batch work environment that is usually associated with implementation of Kaizen. The current research should be of great interest to researchers, managers and professionals who wish to apply Kaizen approach as it is sustainable over time in similar projects.



Al-Hyari, K.A., Abu Zaid, M.K., Arabeyyat, O.S., Al-Qwasmeh, L. and Haffar, M. (2019), "The applications of Kaizen methods in project settings: applied study in Jordan", The TQM Journal, Vol. 31 No. 5, pp. 831-849.



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