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Exploring new ways of thinking about and developing staff practice: the role of modes of thinking

Roy Deveau (Tizard Centre, University of Kent at Canterbury, Canterbury, UK)
John Ockenden (Practice Development Team, United Response, Croydon, UK)
Petra Björne (Department for Disability Support, Malmo Stad, Malmo, Sweden and Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden)

Tizard Learning Disability Review

ISSN: 1359-5474

Article publication date: 1 June 2021

Issue publication date: 6 July 2021




Nobel Prize winner Daniel Kahneman’s work on modes of “thinking” provides a comprehensive text which is little explored in respect of work with people who have an intellectual or developmental disability. This paper aims to explore the potential of this work to change staff development and practice.


Key themes from Thinking Fast, and Slow (Kahneman, 2011) are described and applied to current staff practice.


Modes of thinking are relevant and important to understanding and improving manager and staff practice.


To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first attempt to describe and understand staff thinking and practice using Kahneman’s ideas.



Deveau, R., Ockenden, J. and Björne, P. (2021), "Exploring new ways of thinking about and developing staff practice: the role of modes of thinking", Tizard Learning Disability Review, Vol. 26 No. 2, pp. 90-99.



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