To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

A review of social skills interventions for adults with autism and intellectual disability

Kerrie Elizabeth Bundock (Isis Education Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK)
Olivia Hewitt (Isis Education Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK)

Tizard Learning Disability Review

ISSN: 1359-5474

Article publication date: 3 July 2017

Abstract

Purpose

Individuals with autism and intellectual disability (ID) have increased needs regarding social interaction. Social skills interventions have focussed on children; however, development of these skills is important across the lifespan. The purpose of this paper is to critically review strategies and interventions used to develop social skills with adults with autism and ID.

Design/methodology/approach

A systematic literature search identified five studies meeting inclusion criteria.

Findings

Positive outcomes were reported in promoting positive social behaviours. However, it is not possible to make conclusions regarding the efficacy of social skills interventions for this population due to the limited quantifiable data and small sample sizes.

Research limitations/implications

The limited number of studies in the review impacts on its conclusions. Two of the papers included only one participant with both ID and autism.

Practical implications

A range of people need to be involved in supporting and developing social skills (peers, care staff, professionals). More research is needed in a variety of settings. Future research should attend to consistency of outcome measurement, service user perspectives, generalisation of skills, and documenting consent procedures.

Originality/value

This review focussed on interventions for both positive and negative social behaviours used with adults with ID (of all levels) and autism.

Keywords

Citation

Bundock, K.E. and Hewitt, O. (2017), "A review of social skills interventions for adults with autism and intellectual disability", Tizard Learning Disability Review, Vol. 22 No. 3, pp. 148-158. https://doi.org/10.1108/TLDR-05-2016-0015

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited