The vacuum vapour phase soldering method was investigated by numerical simulations. The purpose of this study was to examine the temperature changes of the solder joints during the vapour suctioning process. A low pressure is used to enhance the outgassing of the trapped gas within the solder joints, which otherwise could form voids. However, the system loses heat near the suction pipe during the suctioning process, and it can result in preliminary solidification of the solder joints before the gas could escape.
A three-dimensional numerical flow model based on the Reynolds averaged Navier–Stokes equations with the standard k-e turbulence method was developed. The effect of the vapour suctioning on the convective heat transfer mechanism was described by the model. Temperature change of the solder joints was studied at the mostly used substrate and component combinations, as well as at different system settings.
In the function of the substrate thickness and the component size, the solder joints can lose large amount of heat during the void reduction process, which leads to preliminary solidification before the entrapped gas voids could be removed.
The results provide setting information of vacuum vapour phase technology for appropriate and optimal applications.
The relationship between low pressure generation and convective heat transfer mechanism during vacuum vapour phase soldering has not been studied yet. The possible negative effects of the vapour suctioning process on the solder joint temperature are unknown.
Illés, B., Skwarek, A., Géczy, A., Jakab, L., Bušek, D. and Dušek, K. (2018), "Effect of the vapour concentration decrease on the solder joints temperature in a vacuum vapour phase soldering system", Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, Vol. 30 No. 2, pp. 66-73. https://doi.org/10.1108/SSMT-09-2017-0025Download as .RIS
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