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Numerical simulation of long-period grating sensors (LPGS) transmission spectrum behavior under strain and temperature effects

Mahmoud M.A. Eid (Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia)
Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed (Department of Electronics and Electrical Communications Engineering, Faculty of Electronic Engineering Menoufia University, Menouf, Egypt)

Sensor Review

ISSN: 0260-2288

Article publication date: 22 March 2021

Issue publication date: 17 May 2021

148

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study aims to simulate the long-period fiber grating sensor pulse peak position against the transmission range. The long-period fiber grating sensor pulse peak position against the transmission range is simulated clearly where the pulse peak value at zero position is 0.972655 with the ripple factor of unity. It is demonstrated that the long-period fiber grating sensor bandwidth can be estimated to be 50 µm. Wavelength shift of the long-period grating sensor (LPGS) is reported against grating wavelength, applied temperatures and applied micro strain.

Design/methodology/approach

This work has reported the numerical simulation of LPGS transmission spectrum behavior characteristics under the strain and temperature effects by using OptiGrating simulation software. The sensor fabrication material is silica-doped germanium. The transmittivity/reflectivity and input spectrum pulse intensity of long-period Bragg sensor variations are simulated against the grating wavelength variations. Input/output pulse intensity of LPGS variations is simulated against the timespan variations with the Gaussian input pulse from 100 to 500 km link length.

Findings

Temperature variation and strain variation of the LPGS are outlined against both applied temperatures and micro-strain variations at the central grating wavelength of 1,550 nm.

Originality/value

It is demonstrated that the long period fiber grating sensor bandwidth can be estimated to be 50 µm. Wavelength shift of the long period grating sensor is reported against both grating wavelength, applied temperatures and applied micro strain. Temperature variation and strain variation of the long period grating sensor are outlined against both applied temperatures and micro strain variations at the central grating wavelength of 1550 nm.

Keywords

Citation

Eid, M.M.A. and Rashed, A.N.Z. (2021), "Numerical simulation of long-period grating sensors (LPGS) transmission spectrum behavior under strain and temperature effects", Sensor Review, Vol. 41 No. 2, pp. 192-199. https://doi.org/10.1108/SR-10-2020-0248

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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