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Business knowledge requirements and onsite offshore work division in Indian software outsourcing projects

Debasisha Mishra (Strategy Area, Rajiv Gandhi Indian Institute of Management, Shillong, India)
Biswajit Mahanty (Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur, India)

Strategic Outsourcing: An International Journal

ISSN: 1753-8297

Article publication date: 16 February 2015




The purpose of the paper is to find out the knowledge requirements and its effect on both onsite and offshore project work division for development, re-engineering and maintenance projects in Indian outsourcing software industry in different phases of software development.


This study employs an expert interview approach in Indian software industry to find out knowledge requirement for project execution and division of work between onsite and offshore locations. The requisite data were collected through expert interviews and direct observations.


The study found that the development projects require higher level of domain, strategic, business process and operation process knowledge in comparison to re-engineering and maintenance projects. So there is a need of higher onsite presence in development projects. The maintenance work is taken up at the offshore location in a phase-wise manner.

Research limitations/implications

The implication of the study is in the development of a broad framework of knowledge requirements and work division in on-shore and offshore locations for Indian software outsourcing projects. As the study is based on expert opinion in the context of India, it cannot be generalized for outsourcing scenarios elsewhere.

Practical implications

The software project manager can use the findings to get more insight into the project and divide the software team between onsite and offshore location.


The study is novel, as there is little attempt at finding the knowledge requirement to execute various kinds of business software development in outsourcing environment in the context of India.



Mishra, D. and Mahanty, B. (2015), "Business knowledge requirements and onsite offshore work division in Indian software outsourcing projects", Strategic Outsourcing: An International Journal, Vol. 8 No. 1, pp. 76-101.



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