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The role of institutional and stakeholder networks in shaping social enterprise ecosystems in Europe

Richard Hazenberg (Institute for Social Innovation and Impact, University of Northampton, Northampton, UK)
Meanu Bajwa-Patel (Institute for Social Innovation and Impact, University of Northampton, Northampton, UK)
Micaela Mazzei (Yunus Centre for Social Business and Health, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK)
Michael James Roy (Yunus Centre for Social Business and Health, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK)
Simone Baglioni (Yunus Centre for Social Business and Health, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK)

Social Enterprise Journal

ISSN: 1750-8614

Article publication date: 7 November 2016

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper draws upon prior research that built a theoretical framework for the emergence of social enterprise ecosystems based upon the biological evolutionary theory. This paper aims to extend this previous research by practically applying the said theory to the development of stakeholder and institutional networks across Europe.

Design/methodology/approach

Data from in-depth semi-structured interviews and focus groups were analysed using Constant Comparison Method. Data were generated from discussions with 258 key stakeholders in ten countries across Europe, exploring the historical, political, social, legal and economic factors that influence the patterns of a social enterprise seen in each country.

Findings

The results identify the emergence of four social enterprise ecosystem types (Statist-macro, Statist-micro, Private-macro and Private-micro). These are used to explain the differences found in each of the ten country’s social enterprise ecosystems. The results are discussed in relation to the evolutionary theory in social entrepreneurship and how “genetic” and “epigenetic” factors lead to the divergence of social enterprise ecosystems, and the impact that this has on the stakeholders and institutions that are present within them.

Originality/value

A typology of ecosystems is presented, which can be used by policymakers across Europe to understand how best to support their local social economies.

Keywords

Citation

Hazenberg, R., Bajwa-Patel, M., Mazzei, M., Roy, M.J. and Baglioni, S. (2016), "The role of institutional and stakeholder networks in shaping social enterprise ecosystems in Europe", Social Enterprise Journal, Vol. 12 No. 3, pp. 302-321. https://doi.org/10.1108/SEJ-10-2016-0044

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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