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An investigation on the impact of shading devices on energy consumption of commercial buildings in the contexts of subtropical climate

Md. Jewel Rana (Department of Building Engineering and Construction Management, Khulna University of Engineering and Technology, Khulna, Bangladesh)
Md. Rakibul Hasan (Department of Building Engineering and Construction Management, Khulna University of Engineering and Technology, Khulna, Bangladesh)
Md. Habibur Rahman Sobuz (Department of Building Engineering and Construction Management, Khulna University of Engineering and Technology, Khulna, Bangladesh) (Civil, Environmental and Mining Engineering, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia)

Smart and Sustainable Built Environment

ISSN: 2046-6099

Article publication date: 2 March 2021

Abstract

Purpose

Application of appropriate shading device strategies in buildings can reduce direct solar heat gain through windows as well as optimize cooling and artificial lighting load. This study investigates the impact of common shading devices such as overhangs, fins, horizontal blinds, vertical blinds and drapes on energy consumption of an office building and suggests energy efficient shading device strategies in the contexts of unique Bangladeshi subtropical monsoon climate.

Design/methodology/approach

This research was performed through the energy simulation perspective of a prototype office building using a validated building energy simulation tool eQUEST. Around 100 simulation patterns were created considering various types of shading devices and building orientations. The simulation results were analysed comprehensively to find out energy-efficient shading device strategies.

Findings

Optimum overhang and fin height is equal to half of the window height in the context of the subtropical climate of Bangladesh. South and West are the most vulnerable orientations, and application of shading devices on these two orientations shows the highest reduction of cooling load and the lowest increment of lighting load. An existing building was able to save approximately 7.05% annual energy consumption by applying the shading device strategies that were suggested by this study.

Originality/value

The shading device strategies of this study can be incorporated into the Bangladesh National Building Code (BNBC) as new energy-efficient building design strategies because the BNBC does not have any codes or regulations regarding energy-efficient shading device. It can also be used as energy-efficient shading device strategies to other Southeast Asian countries with similar climatic contexts of Bangladesh.

Keywords

Citation

Rana, M.J., Hasan, M.R. and Sobuz, M.H.R. (2021), "An investigation on the impact of shading devices on energy consumption of commercial buildings in the contexts of subtropical climate", Smart and Sustainable Built Environment, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/SASBE-09-2020-0131

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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