This chapter considers time-differentiated airport noise surcharges that occur in addition to general noise fees at an airport. In practice, an essential problem of such surcharges may consist of setting the price for a social policy goal, such as airport noise reduction, by shifting a number of critical flights away from sensitive times-of-day in the presence of an additional, competing economic policy goal in terms of fostering the network hub function and connectivity of that airport. In such a case, additional noise surcharges aim at balancing the socioeconomic noise costs against economic prosperity, to achieve a net benefit for society by inducing a particular airline scheduling behavior, such as shifting non-hub-relevant flights only. As a result, they differ from the well-known economic concepts for the internalization of externalities. We address this problem by offering a shift from an economic welfare view to a business administration perspective with the airlines as stakeholders, in order to describe the different rationales that need to be accounted for when searching for a pricing scheme that achieves one of the distinct steering effects in terms of airline scheduling behavior. In addition, we offer a tentative, generic guideline to determine the appropriate dimension of time-differentiated noise surcharges depending on the steering effect.
We are sincerely grateful to Peter Forsyth for his most valuable suggestions on the topic at hand and his essential feedback on an early draft of this work. Furthermore, we thank Hans-Martin Niemeier for his much-appreciated comments and support, Erik Linden for his extensive desktop work on the different airport curfew and noise surcharge schemes, and two anonymous referees, whose inputs helped us in improving this study.
Wittmer, A. and Noto, C. (2019), "Time-differentiated Airport Noise Surcharges: From Economic Theory to Policy Practice", Airline Economics in Europe (Advances in Airline Economics, Vol. 8), Emerald Publishing Limited, pp. 229-245. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2212-160920190000008010Download as .RIS
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