This chapter critically focuses on Islamophobic practices that are embedded in travel and tourism environments. Muslims, especially those journeying to other Western nations, are finding that their freedom of movement is restricted within environments perceived to be hostile, particularly in the context of post-September 11. The premise of this chapter is to illustrate the role of travel and tourism in continuing to reinforce Islamophobic attitudes of the West to Muslims worldwide. Importantly, the discussion critically highlights ways in which religious abhorrence, orientalist perspectives, ethnic detestation, and xenophobic intolerance significantly affect tourism experiences. These factors marginalize communities from appreciating the global attributes of tourism, especially elements that express the importance of cosmopolitan forms of citizenship.
Stephenson, M.L. and Ali, N. (2010), "Chapter 15 Tourism and Islamophobia", Scott, N. and Jafari, J. (Ed.) Tourism in the Muslim World (Bridging Tourism Theory and Practice, Vol. 2), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 235-251. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2042-1443(2010)0000002018
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