Laboratory Investigation of Non-aqueous Phase Liquids Migration in Double-porosity Kaolin Soil
Water Management and Sustainability in Asia
ISBN: 978-1-80071-115-0, eISBN: 978-1-80071-114-3
Publication date: 12 July 2021
The evolution in developed countries has taken a role in global warming and natural disasters such as flash flood, El-Nino, earthquake and groundwater contamination. The underground storage tank leakage problems and spillage of hydrocarbon liquid leading to the contamination of non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPLs) into the groundwater could reduce the quality of groundwater. This chapter is intended to investigate the behaviour and the pattern of NAPL migrations in double-porosity soil under vibration and intact conditions. The experimental model is developed by using kaolin soil type S300 and toluene as NAPLs. The kaolin soil was mixed with 25% of moisture content to produce kaolin granules in the soil column and vibrate under 0.98 Hz of frequency within 60 seconds. As a result, both specimen liquids completely migrated to the bottom of soil column: sample 1 has higher permeability compared to sample 2. This is due to the fracture in double-porosity soil under vibration effect and loosened the soil structure in sample 1 compared to good intact soil sample 2 with stronger and compact soil structure. In conclusion, this study proves that the dangerous hydrocarbon NAPL migration in fractured double-porosity soil has very harmful effect on the environment and groundwater resources.
Foong, L.K., Nazir, R., Sa’ari, R., Ramli, M.Z., Haniffah, M.R.M., Kasiman, E.H. and Alias, N. (2021), "Laboratory Investigation of Non-aqueous Phase Liquids Migration in Double-porosity Kaolin Soil", Alias, N.E., Haniffah, M.R.M. and Harun, S. (Ed.) Water Management and Sustainability in Asia (Community, Environment and Disaster Risk Management, Vol. 23), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 151-160. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2040-726220210000023021
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