In the United States, a significant number of primary grade students struggle to achieve fluency in reading. Research indicates that achieving proficiency in the foundational reading competencies is a common difficulty manifested in a majority of these students. We will explore approaches for helping younger students develop proficiency in word recognition, reading fluency, and ultimately comprehension. A number of the research-based strategies can be used with the whole class which creates a context for inclusive literacy education.
Rasinski, T. and Young, C. (2017), "Effective Instruction for Primary Grade Students Who Struggle with Reading Fluency", Inclusive Principles and Practices in Literacy Education (International Perspectives on Inclusive Education, Vol. 11), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 143-157. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1479-363620170000011010
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