This chapter focuses on military couples and factors that affect their experiences of work, stress, and health using a life course perspective. An introduction to the definition of military couples is provided followed by a brief review of previous research on marital quality and divorce among military couples. The core of the chapter describes the advantages of using a life course perspective to examine the military life course for couples, and two critical transitions of military life are more fully examined. Specifically, periodic relocation and deployment and their impacts on military couples are reviewed in detail. Future directions for research on military couples are provided, and the use of the Convoy Model of Social Relations as an integrative approach to examine military personnel and family members’ stress and health across the military life course is introduced.
Portions of this chapter were supported by the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs through the USAMRMC Broad Agency Announcement Award No. W81XWH-13-2-0020. The U.S. Army Medical Research Acquisition Activity, 820 Chandler Street, Fort Detrick MD 21702-5014 is the awarding and administering acquisition office. Portions of this chapter were also funded by grant #T03OH008435 awarded to Portland State University—funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Opinions, interpretations, conclusions, and recommendations are those of the authors and are not necessarily endorsed by the Department of Defense or by NIOSH. Leslie B. Hammer is Principal Investigator on both awards.
Wan, W.H., Haverly, S.N. and Hammer, L.B. (2018), "Work, Stress, and Health of Military Couples Across Transitions", Harms, P.D. and Perrewé, P.L. (Ed.) Occupational Stress and Well-Being in Military Contexts (Research in Occupational Stress and Well Being, Vol. 16), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 69-90. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1479-355520180000016005
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