Index

Social Democracy in the 21st Century

ISBN: 978-1-83909-953-3, eISBN: 978-1-83909-952-6

ISSN: 0195-6310

Publication date: 29 January 2021

This content is currently only available as a PDF

Citation

(2021), "Index", Brandal, N., Bratberg, Ø. and Thorsen, D.E. (Ed.) Social Democracy in the 21st Century (Comparative Social Research, Vol. 35), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 271-279. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0195-631020210000035012

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021 Emerald Publishing Limited


INDEX

Aarhus
, 229, 231–232

Absorption capacity
, 198–199

Acemoglu, Daron
, 31, 75

Ad hoc committee systems
, 114

Africa
, 11, 236

African National Congress (ANC)
, 25

Age of Social Democracy, The
, 196

Agenda 2030
, 34

AkademikernesCentralorganization (AC)
, 78

Akbayan (Citizen Action Party) (Philippines)
, 28

Alleanza Nazionale (AN)
, 181–182

Alliance of Free Democrats (SzDSz)
, 52–53

Artificial intelligence
, 75

Asia
, 11

Assimilation
, 202–203

Association of Workers of Slovakia (ZRS)
, 53–54

Attlee, Clement
, 254–255

Auken, Svend
, 230–231

Autonomous Communities (AC)
, 174

Basic income
, 92–93, 99–101

attitudes towards
, 102–104

in early twentieth century
, 95–96

economic sustainability of
, 104–105

sustainability of welfare state
, 105–106

Belgian identity
, 183–184

Belgium
, 163

Benn, Tony
, 254

Bennite Socialist
, 246

Berlin
, 22

‘Bicycle-resentment’ syndrome
, 239

Big data
, 75

Bild, Carl
, 206

Blair, Tony
, 2–3, 246

Bloc politics
, 237–238

Blue-collar-cum-white-collar alliance
, 80

Border control
, 208

Brandt, Willy
, 16–17

Brazil
, 17

Bretton Woods agreement
, 22

Brexit
, 17–18, 265

Britain See United Kingdom

British Labour Party (LAB)
, 4, 174

Broad alliances
, 32

Brown; Gordon
, 249

Brussels-Halle-Vilvoorde (BHV)
, 182

Bundestag Official Printed Papers (BOPP)
, 119

Bureaucratic capitalists
, 21

Buscayno, ‘Dante’
, 23

Business unionism
, 70

Capitalism
, 21

Casa della Liberta government
, 184

Cause-oriented groups
, 24

Central Europe
, 58

Centre-left, the
, 5

Centre-right governments
, 72–73

Chile
, 17

China
, 19

Christelijke Democratisch en Vlaams (CD&V)
, 182

Christlich Demokratische Union (CDU)
, 134–135

Christlich-soziale Union (CSU)
, 134–135

Citizen

income
, 96

worker
, 198

Citizenship
, 20

Civic Democratic Party (ODS)
, 53

Civil society organization (CSO)
, 24

Class-based industrial unionism
, 79–80

Climate change
, 10, 16

Co-operation
, 203

Coalition government
, 33–34

Cole, G. D. H.
, 95–96

Collective bargaining
, 73, 80

Colonialism
, 19

Communism
, 6

Communist Party of India (CPI)
, 21

Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M)
, 21

Communists
, 6

Communitarianism
, 198–199

Community
, 7

Comparative case analysis
, 174–184

Comparative puzzle
, 199–201

Competence development funds
, 83

Condorcet, Marquis de
, 94

Congress Party (India)
, 185–186

Consensus democracy
, 115

Consensus-oriented political and epistemological systems
, CH006#p0030, 122–126

Conservatism (conservatives, conservative)
, 58

Conservative party
, 182–183

Constitutional Patriotism
, 177–178

Convergencia i Unió (CiU)
, 176

Copenhagen
, 228

Corbyn, Jeremy
, 246–247

labour
, 254–258

Corbynism
, 13, 246–247, 254–264

Corporatism
, 71–72

COVID-19
, 11

Crisis management
, 138

Cross-national analysis
, 171–173

Cultural

absorption capacity
, 198–199

pluralism
, 202–204

Czech Republic
, 38

Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD)
, 38, 43, 47

Czechoslav’ Social Democratic Party
, 41

Danish Confederation of Trade Unions (LO)
, 238–239

Danish People's Party
, 199–200

Danish Progress Party
, 214–215

Danish Social Democrats
, 224, 225–228

Danish Trade Union Confederation
, 77, 79

Dansk Folkeparti (DF)
, 226–227

Decentralisation
, 13, 25–26, 163–165

framework for analysing social democratic attitudes towards
, 165–171

ideology
, 165–168

internal constraints
, 170–171

strategic incentives
, 168–170

Decentralist reforms
, 175–176

decentralised organisation
, 177–179

policy credibility
, 177–179

regionalist parties setting agenda
, 175–176

Deindustrialisation
, 252

Democracy
, 7

Democratic Coalition (DK)
, 55–56

Democratic developmental states
, 17

Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) (Poland)
, 38

Democratic Left Party (SDĽ) (Slovakia)
, 38

Democratic partnership governance
, 33

Democratic socialism
, 5, 31

Democratisation
, 17, 19, 39

Denmark
, 3, 71–72

Development
, 3

Die Linke (Germany)
, 133–134

Direct democracy
, 25

Direction–Social Democracy (Smer-SD) (Slovakia)
, 38

Dual strategy
, 198, 201

Dutch Labour Party
, 96

Duties for rights
, 230–231

Eastern bloc modernisation theorists
, 21

Eastern Europe
, 12–13

Economic crisis
, 38

Economic sustainability of basic income
, 104–105

Economic system
, 7

Education
, 8

Egalitarianism, egalitarian
, 260

Elections
, 3–4

Employers
, 2

Employment policies
, 71–72

Èpinay cycle
, 250–251

Epistemology
, 124

Equal opportunity
, 99–100

Equal treatment
, 198

Equality
, 92–93, 197–198, 203

Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC)
, 176

EU commission’s expert groups
, 120–122

Euro Plus Pact
, 138

Europe
, 2

Europe 2020
, 138

European Central Bank (ECB)
, 137

European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU)
, 132

European Economic Area (EEA)
, 201

European integration
, 132–133, 137

European Parliament
, 133–134

European Pillar of Social Rights (EPSR)
, 138

European Semester
, 138

European social democracy, reasons for decline of
, 136–138

European social model
, 13, 136, 138, 146–151

comparative reflexion
, 151–155

cornerstones
, 142–143

in eyes of social democratic parties
, 143–151

integration mode
, 139–140

negative integration
, 139–140

optimum EMU
, 140–142

positive integration
, 139

European stability mechanism (ESM)
, 140–141

European Union (EU)
, 201

Eurozone crisis
, 138, 140–141, 143

Expert commissions
, 119

Expert groups
, 121–122

Experts/expertise
, 114

Extreme poverty
, 10

Fair and Realistic: An Immigration Politics that Unites Denmark
, 236–237

Family immigration
, 202

Fico, Robert
, 43

Fiscal Compact
, 138

Fiscal union
, 132, 141–142

Flexicurity
, 107

Fogh Rasmussen, Anders
, 207

Forza Italia (FI)
, 181–182

Fossil energy
, 16

France
, 3

Frederiksen, Mette
, 211–212

Free society
, 8

Freedom
, 8

Freie Demokratische Partei (FDP)
, 134–135

Fukuyama, Francis
, 17

Funktionærernesog TjenestemændenesFællesråd (FTF)
, 78

Gender Equality Act (Norway)
, 117–118

German system of ad hoc advisory committees
, 119–120

Germany
, 2–3

Ghent-system (unemployment insurance)
, 72–73

Ghetto-plan
, 234

Giddens, Anthony
, 11–12, 139–140

Glistrup, Mogens
, 239

Global Deal
, 17–18

Global South
, 11, 17–18

Global warming
, 10–11

Globalisation
, 16–17, 247–248

Golden age of social democracy
, 136–137

Goulash communism
, 42

Governance
, 115–116

approach
, 116–117

consensus-oriented political and epistemological systems
, 122–126

EU commission’s expert groups
, 120–122

German system of ad hoc advisory committees
, 119–120

NOU system
, 117–119

Greece
, 3

Guaranteed income schemes
, 93–94

Guaranteed jobs
, 101

Guided democracy
, 20

Gyurcsány, Ferenc
, 55–56

Hollande, François
, 250

Human rights
, 8, 24

Human rights dilemmas
, 199

Hungarian Democratic Forum (MDF)
, 52–53

Hungarian Justice and Life Party (MIÉP)
, 57

Hungarian MSzP
, 55–56

Hungarian Socialist Party (MSzP)
, 38

Hungary
, 38, 41

Huntington, Samuel
, 17

Hybrid advisory committees
, 12–13

Ideology
, 249–250

Immigration
, 196–197, 201

debates
, 231–232

mayors’ dispute on
, 228–229

policy
, 206–208

Income protection
, 93

Incumbency, limited effect of
, 179–180

India
, 17

Indira Gandhi
, 21

Indonesia
, 17

Indonesian dynamics
, 30

Industrialisation
, 18

Industry 4. 0 for manufacturing
, 75

Inequality
, 8

Institutional

powers
, 74

theory
, 196–197

Institutions
, 27

Integration
, 196–197

capacity
, 203

policy
, 198, 209–212

politics
, 199

Iran (Iranians)
, 228–229

Job polarisation
, 76–77

Johnson, Boris
, 4

‘Jokowi’
, 28

Jørgensen, Anker
, 230–231

Jospin, Lionel
, 249

Kaczyński, Jarosław
, 57

Kerala
, 20

civil society activists
, 25, 27

Keynesianism, Keynesian
, 2–3, 154–155

Knowledge economy
, 74–77

La R´epublique En Marche (LaREM)
, 246, 261

Labour immigration
, 207

Labour market
, 196–197

Labour movement
, 12

Labour party
, 179, 182–183, 249

Labour Party, the (UK)
, 4

Labour’s policy
, 263

LandsorganisationeniDanmark/Sverige (LO)
, 78–80

LaRem (La Répucliqueen Marche, France)
, 246, 261

Latin America
, 10, 19

Le Pen, Marine
, 258

Left, the
, 17

Lega Nord (LN)
, 176

Les Jeunes avec Macron (JAM)
, 261

Liberal Democrats (UK)
, 251

Liberal-Christian Democratic incumbent
, 178

Liberalism (liberals, liberal)
, 250

Liberty
, 9

Lijphart, Arend
, 39, 115

Lisbon Strategy
, 137, 139

Löfven, Stefan
, 208

Logic of appropriateness
, 197

Løkke Rasmussen, Lars
, 211–212

Low-paid jobs
, 76–77

Lykketoft, Mogens
, 233

Maastricht Treaty
, 139, 141–142

Macron, Emmanuel
, 246–247

Macronism
, 13, 246, 254–264

Madsen, Per
, 73–74

Mainstream parties
, 169–170

Majoritarian democracy
, 115

Manufacturing
, 73–74

Maoism, maoist
, 21

Marginalisation
, 98

Marshall Plan
, 236

Marx, Karl
, 21

Marxists
, 7

McDonnell, John
, 96

Meade, James
, 95–96

Mélenchon, Jean-Luc
, 247

Merkel, Angela
, 145–146

Middle class coups
, 19

Middle East, immigration from the
, 235

Migration
, 199

Miliband, Ed
, 251–252

Minimum Income
, 95

Minimum Standard European Social Model
, 145–148

Mitterrand, François
, 258

Mixed economy
, 7

Modi, Narendra
, 30

More, Thomas
, 94

Mouvement des Jeunes Socialistes (MSJ)
, 261

Movement for a democratic Slovakia (HZDS)
, 53

Movement politics
, 260–262

Multicultural approach
, 203–204

Multicultural politics
, 199

Multiculturalism
, 204

National Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC)
, 24

National co-operation and welfare
, 16

National internationalism
, 34

National Labour Party Executive Committee
, 95

National values
, 217

Negotiated expertise
, 115, 123–124

Negotiations
, 23

Nehru, Jawaharlal
, 19

Neo-classical approaches
, 164

Neo-liberalism/neoliberal
, 16, 70, 137

Neoliberal European Social Model
, 144, 147–148

Netherlands, the
, 3

Neutral voice of science
, 119–120

New Democracy
, 199–200

New International Economic Order (NIEO)
, 16–17

New Labour (UK)
, 39–40

New Left, the
, 40

New Left parties
, 3

Nieuw Vlaamse Allantie (NVA)
, 181

Non-capitalism
, 19

Non-capitalist development
, 21

Nordic countries
, 98

Nordic model
, 114–116, 125, 225

Nordic Model of Social Democracy, The
, 7–8

Nordic social democratic welfare states
, 103–104

Nordic version of neoliberalism
, 71–72

Nordic welfare model
, 197–198

Norgesoffentligeutredninger system (NOU system)
, 117–119

Norway
, 28

Norwegian Constitution
, 98

Norwegian Labour Party
, 210

Norwegian Progress Party
, 199–200

Norwegian Social Democrats
, 199–200

Nyrup Rasmussen, Poul
, 231

Occupational upgrading
, 76–77

OECD
, 72–73, 196

Olin-Wright, Erik
, 31–32

Orbán, Viktor
, 52–53

Ordinary People and Independents (OLaNO)
, 45

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
, 72–73, 196

Organisational reform
, 256–258

Palikot movement
, 58

Palme, Olof
, 16–17

PanellinioSosialistikoKinima (PASOK) (Greece)
, 136–137

Paradox of freedom
, 9

Partei des Demokratischen Sozialismus (PDS)
, 133–134

Parti de Gauche
, 250

Parti Socialiste (PS)
, 174, 246

Parti Socialiste Belge (PSB)
, 174

Partido Popular (PP)
, 135, 177–178

Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE) (Spain)
, 132–133, 135, 162, 174

European Social Model
, 147–151

between government and opposition
, 133–135

similarities and differences between
, 133–136

Partij van de Arbeid (PvdA) (Netherlands)
, 136–137

Partisan interests as barriers to decentralisation
, 183–184

PartiSocialiste (PE) (France)
, 2

Partit dels Socialistes de Catalunya (PSC)
, 176

Partito Democraticodella Sinistra (PDS)
, 174

Partnership governance
, 27

Party of European Socialists (PES)
, 133–134

Party organisation
, 182–183

and elites
, 45–47

structures
, 170–171

Party politics
, 214–215

Party rights-first principle
, 230–231

Party strategy and opportunity structure
, 51–55

Party system change
, 39

Philippines, the
, 17, 20

Podemos (Spain)
, 133–134

Poland
, 38

Polanyian counter movement
, 31–32

Polarisation
, 76–77

Policy advisory committees
, 114, 124

Policy credibility
, 170, 177–179, 182–183

Policy shift
, 170

determinants of
, 174–184

mechanism
, 170–171

Policy-making
, 114

Polish Peasants’ Party (PSL)
, 44, 52

Polish SLD
, 44, 55

Polish Socialist Party (PPS)
, 41

Political economy
, 164

Political parties
, 12, 39, 163–165

‘Politics of order’ approach
, 20

Polo coalition
, 180

Populism
, 30

Populist
, 28

Portugal
, 17–18

Positioning, determinants of
, 171–173

Post industrial societies
, 25–26

Poverty
, 3

‘Productivistic’ strategy
, 92

Productivity
, 92

Progress Party (Denmark)
, 215–216

Progress Party (Norway)
, 135

Radicalisation
, 247

Rassemblement Wallon (RW)
, 176

Reciprocal justice
, 99

Reciprocity
, 92, 93

policies
, 99–101

Red and Green Unity List (Enhedslisten) (Denmark)
, 224

Redistribution
, 34

Refugee crisis
, 234

Refugee quota
, 234

Refugees
, 17

Regional autonomy
, 170

Regional nationalist parties
, 168–169

setting agenda
, 180–182

Reinfeldt, Fredrik
, 208

Reinfeldt government
, 208

Resistance to change
, 180

Rhetoric
, 17–18

Right-wing populism
, 16

Rights with duties
, 230–231

Rocamora, Joel
, 24

Royal, Ségolène
, 249–250

Russell, Bertrand
, 95

Russian Revolution (1917)
, 6

Sarkozy, Nicolas
, 249–250

Sass Larsen, Henrik
, 232

Scandinavia
, 3, 7–8

Scandinavian labour movements
, 33

Scandinavian welfare model
, 213

Schengen Agreement
, 208

Schröder, Gerhard
, 2–3

Science, technology, engineering and math (STEM)
, 76

Scotland
, 162

Scottish National Convention (SNC)
, 177

Scottish National Party (SNP)
, 168–169

Service sector
, 77

Simonsen, Thorkild
, 231

Skills
, 76

Slovak SDL
, 55

Slovakia
, 38

Smer
, 58

Social cohesion
, 217

Social democracy
, 2, 5–9, 114–116, 125, 196, 246

challenges in South
, 18–19

in early twentieth century
, 95–96

feasible
, 20–21

founding, rise and fall of
, 42–55

global crisis
, 16

history of
, 92

mixed fortunes
, 2–5

new cleavages and challenges for
, 232–234

prime importance of politics
, 21

problems
, 9–12

short of alternative
, 17–18

social democratic responses and debates
, 12–13

weak, neglected partners
, 16–17

Social democratic development co-operation
, 34

Social democratic ideas
, 92–93

Social democratic integration ideology in making
, 204–205

Social democratic internationalisation
, 22

Social democratic order
, 196–197

Social democratic parties
, 38, 134–135, 162, 163

Social Democratic Party of Finland
, 102

Social democratic unionism
, 70, 71

academic approach
, 83–84

challenges
, 74–81

from comparative perspective
, 71–74

keeping employers
, 80–81

new socio-political coalitions
, 78–80

old-school
, 84–85

pathways and dilemmas
, 81–85

radical approach
, 82–83

technological change and knowledge economy
, 74–77

Social democratic unions
, 70–71

Social democrats (Denmark)
, 3, 4

Social Democrats
, 2–4, 6, 9, 92

second-generation
, 19–21

Social engineering
, 203

Social justice
, 96, 167

Social Liberal Party of Denmark (RadikaleVenstre)
, 224

Social liberalism
, 5

Social movements
, 32, 257

Social protection model
, 94

Social security
, 137

model
, 94

Social skills
, 76

Social Stability Pact
, 146–147

Social studies of knowledge
, 115

Social version of corporatism
, 71–72

Social-democratic welfare state model
, 96–98

Socialdemokraterne (S)
, 224–225, 228–229, 235

Socialism, socialists
, 5, 6–7

Socialist International
, 34

Socialist Party (MSzP) (Hungary)
, 38

Socialist People's Party (Denmark)
, 224

Socialistische Partij (SP)
, 178–179

Socialists & Democrats (S&D)
, 133–134

Socialists
, 6

Sociological theories
, 197

Solidarity (Poland)
, 12

South Africa
, 17

Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (SPD)
, 132–133, 247

European Social Model
, 144–147

between government and opposition
, 133–135

similarities and differences between
, 133–136

Spain
, 3

Spence, Thomas
, 94

Stability and Growth Pact, the
, 138

Stability union
, 132, 140–141

Stakeholder
, 116–117

Stateness
, 197–198

Stiglitz, Joseph
, 31

Stoltenberg, Thorvald
, 207

Strategic incentives
, 168–170

Structural approaches
, 164

Suharto
, 27

Sukarno
, 19, 20

Sustainability of welfare state
, 105–106

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
, 8

Svenska Arbetsgivareföreningen (SAF)
, 81

Sverigedemokraterna
, 199–200

Sverigesakademikerscentralorganisation (SACO)
, 78

Sweden
, 16

Sweden Democrats
, 199–200

Syriza (Greece)
, 247

Technological change
, 74–77

Technology
, 29

Tesfaye, Mattias
, 231–232

Thatcherism
, 16–17

Third wave of democracy
, 17, 22–32

bottom-up insufficient
, 24–25

dearth of working class
, 23

decentralisation
, 25–26

neglected representation
, 26–28

transformative politics
, 31–32

welfare and growth bifurcated
, 28–31

Third way
, 247–254

diagnosis
, 246

downfall and austerity
, 249–252

Thorning-Schmidt, Helle
, 211–212

Thulesen Dahl, Kristian
, 227–228

Tjänstemännenscentralorganisation (TCO)
, 78

Trade unions

in Denmark and Sweden
, 72

movement
, 70

Transformative politics
, 31–32

Transversal alliances
, 237–238

Tripartite committee
, 122

Trust
, 16

Trust, generalised
, 199

Turkey (Turks)
, 201

Ulivo coalition government
, 180, 184

Uni´on del Centro Democratico (UCD)
, 177

Unidas Podemos
, 135

Unión Econ´omica y Monetaria (UEM)
, 149–150

Union pour un Mouvement Populaire
, 249–250

Unionism
, 70

United Federation of Danish Workers (3F)
, 238–239

United Kingdom
, 2–3, 73–74

United Nations (UN)
, 206, 234

United States
, 70

Universal basic income (UBI)
, 91–92

programmes
, 92

Universal Basic Share (UBS)
, 104–105

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
, 8

Universal guaranteed income
, 94

Universal social rights
, 97

Universal solutions
, 97

Universalism (welfare)
, 97, 197–198

Veering right on immigration
, 234–236

Visegrád countries
, 38

historical background
, 41–42

theoretical framework
, 39–41

Warsaw Pact invasion
, 42

Welfare
, 98

capitalism
, 197–198

contract
, 98

state
, 9

West Bengal
, 21

Western Europe
, 3–4

Westminster (democracy)
, 123–124

Work
, 98

orientation
, 98

Work-first paradigm
, 71–72

Workers Party (Brazil)
, 24

Working Class
, 23

World War II (WWII)
, 196

Yugoslavia (former)
, 201

Zapatero, José Luis
, 135

Zeman, Miloš
, 53