Late Bloomers: Differential Participation among First-time, Mid-Life Protesters
Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change
ISBN: 978-1-78756-896-9, eISBN: 978-1-78756-895-2
Publication date: 16 October 2018
There is a great deal of research examining the factors that lead people to start protesting in their youth, but little work has been done on first-time protesters later in life. In this research we examine these “late bloomers,” those who protest for the first time later in life, to see if and how they differ from those who protest at different periods in life. We use data from the Youth-Parent Socialization Survey, which is a panel study of people in four waves from 1965 to 1997. We find, of the people who protested later in life, half had never protested previously. Additionally, there are significant differences between people who never protested, people who only protested early in life, people who protested repeatedly throughout life, and those who protested for the first time later in life. The latter group is more likely to attend church more, never have been married, and have lower incomes than people who protested early in life and then did not protest again. Late Bloomers are also more likely less educated and to be Independents than Democrats compared to the Repeat Protesters. This research adds to contemporary research examining differential protest participation patterns.
Tripp, W.B. and Gage, D.N. (2018), "Late Bloomers: Differential Participation among First-time, Mid-Life Protesters", Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change (Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change, Vol. 42), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 221-242. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0163-786X20180000042009
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