We investigate how household disadvantage affects the time use of 15–18 year olds using 2003–2006 data from the American Time Use Survey. Applying competing-risk hazard models, we distinguish between the incidence and duration of activities and incorporate the daily time constraint. We find that teens living in disadvantaged households spend less time in nonclassroom educational activities than other teens. Girls spend some of this time in work activities, suggesting that they are taking on adult roles. However, we find more evidence of substitution into unsupervised activities, suggesting that it may be less-structured environments that reduce educational investment.
Kalenkoski, C.M., Ribar, D.C. and Stratton, L.S. (2011), "Chapter 1 How do Adolescents Spell Time Use? An Alternative Metholological Approach For Analyzing Time-Diary DATA", Polachek, S.W. and Tatsiramos, K. (Ed.) Research in Labor Economics (Research in Labor Economics, Vol. 33), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 1-44. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0147-9121(2011)0000033004
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