Metal additive manufacturing is an inherently thermal process, with intense localised heating and for sparse lattice structures, often rapid uneven cooling. Thermal effects influence manufactured geometry through residual stresses and may also result in non-isotropic material properties. This paper aims to increase understanding of the evolution of the temperature field during fabrication of lattice structures through numerical simulation.
This paper uses a reduced order numerical analysis based on “best-practice” compromise found in literature to explore design permutations for lattice structures and provide first-order insight into the effect of these design variables on the temperature field.
Instantaneous and peak temperatures are examined to discover trends at select lattice locations. Insights include the presence of vertical struts reduces overall lattice temperatures by providing additional heat transfer paths; at a given layer, the lower surface of an inclined strut experiences higher temperatures than the upper surface throughout the fabrication of the lattice; during fabrication of the lower layers of the lattice, isolated regions of material can experience significantly higher temperatures than adjacent regions.
Due to the simplifying assumptions and multi-layer material additions, the findings are qualitative in nature. Future research should incorporate additional heat transfer mechanisms.
These findings point towards thermal differences within the lattice which may manifest as dimensional differences and microstructural changes in the built part.
The paper provides qualitative insights into the effect of local geometry and topology upon the evolution of temperature within lattice structures fabricated in metal additive manufacturing.
The authors acknowledge use of facilities within the RMIT Advanced Manufacturing Precinct. D.D. would like to acknowledge support from Lockheed Martin and from the Australian Research Council under ARC Centre for Additive Biomanufacturing.
Downing, D., Leary, M., McMillan, M., Alghamdi, A. and Brandt, M. (2020), "Heat transfer in lattice structures during metal additive manufacturing: numerical exploration of temperature field evolution", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-11-2018-0288Download as .RIS
Emerald Publishing Limited
Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited