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Experimental investigation for dynamic stiffness and dimensional accuracy of FDM manufactured part using IV-Optimal response surface design

Omar Ahmed Mohamed (Department of Mechanical and Product Design Engineering, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Australia)
Syed Hasan Masood (Department of Mechanical and Product Design Engineering, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Australia)
Jahar Lal Bhowmik (Department of Statistics, Data Science and Epidemiology, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Australia)

Rapid Prototyping Journal

ISSN: 1355-2546

Article publication date: 20 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

Fused deposition modeling (FDM) has become an increasingly important process among the available additive manufacturing technologies in various industries. Although there are many advantages of FDM process, a downside of its industrial application is the attainable dimensional accuracy with tight tolerance without compromising the mechanical performance. This paper aims to study the effects of six FDM operating parameters on two conflicting responses, namely, dynamic stiffness and dimensional stability of FDM produced PC-ABS parts. This study also aims to determine the optimal process settings using graphical optimization that satisfy the dynamic mechanical properties without compromising the dimensional accuracy.

Design/methodology/approach

The regression models based upon IV-optimal response surface methodology are developed to study the variation of dimensional accuracy and dynamic mechanical properties with changes in process parameter settings. Statistical analysis was conducted to establish the relationships between process variables and dimensional accuracy and dynamic stiffness. Analysis of variance is used to define the level of significance of the FDM operating parameters. Scanning electron microscope and Leica MZ6 optical microscope are used to examine and characterize the morphology of the structures for some specimens.

Findings

Experimental results highlight the individual and interaction effects of processing conditions on the dynamic stiffness and part accuracy. The results showed that layer thickness (slice height), raster-to-raster air gap and number of outlines have the largest effect on the dynamic stiffness and dimensional accuracy. The results also showed an interesting phenomenon of the effect of number of contours and the influence of other process parameters. The optimal process conditions for highest mechanical performance and part accuracy are obtained.

Originality/value

The effect of FDM processing parameters on the properties under dynamic and cyclic loading conditions has not been studied in the previous published work. Furthermore, simultaneous optimization of dynamic mechanical properties without compromising the dimensional accuracy has also been investigated. On the basis of experimental findings, it is possible to provide practical suggestions to set the optimal FDM process parameters in relation to dynamic mechanical performance, as well as the dimensional accuracy.

Keywords

Citation

Mohamed, O.A., Masood, S.H. and Bhowmik, J.L. (2017), "Experimental investigation for dynamic stiffness and dimensional accuracy of FDM manufactured part using IV-Optimal response surface design", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 23 No. 4, pp. 736-749. https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-10-2015-0137

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited