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Optimization of build orientation in FFF using response surface methodology and posterior-based method

Mohammad Javad Hooshmand (Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran)
Saeed Mansour (Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran)
Amin Dehghanian (Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran and Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA)

Rapid Prototyping Journal

ISSN: 1355-2546

Article publication date: 18 May 2021

Issue publication date: 14 July 2021

153

Abstract

Purpose

The advancement of additive manufacturing technologies has resulted in producing parts of high quality and reduced manufacturing time. This paper aims to achieve a simultaneous optimal solution for build time and surface roughness as the output data and also to find the best values for the input data consisting of build orientation, extrusion width, layer thickness, infill percentage and raster angle.

Design/methodology/approach

For this purpose, the effects of process parameters on the response variables were investigated by the design of experiments approach to develop empirical models using response surface methodology. The experimental parts of this research were conducted using an inexpensive and locally assembled fused filament fabrication (FFF) machine. A total of 50 runs for 4 different geometries, namely, cylinder, prism, 3DBenchy and twist gear vase, were performed using the rotatable central composite design, and each process parameters were investigated in two levels to develop empirical models. Also, a novel optimization method, namely, the posterior-based method, was accomplished to find the best values for the response variables.

Findings

The results demonstrated that not only the build orientation and layer thickness have notable effects on both response variables but also build time is dependent on extrusion width and infill percentage. Low infill percentage and high extrusion width resulted in increasing build time. By reducing layer thickness and infill percentage while increasing extrusion width, parts of high-quality surface finish and reduced built time were produced. Optimum process parameters were found to be of build direction of 0°, extrusion width of 0.61 mm, layer thickness of 0.22 mm, infill percentage of 20% and raster angle of 0°.

Originality/value

Through the developed empirical models and by minimizing build orientation and layer thickness, and also considerations for process parameters, parts of high-quality surface finish and reduced built time could be produced on FFF machines. To compensate for increased build time because of reduction in layer thickness, extrusion width and infill percentage must have their maximum and minimum value, respectively.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank M. Noroozi and J. Mansour for their help in experimental part of the research and manuscript preparation.

Citation

Hooshmand, M.J., Mansour, S. and Dehghanian, A. (2021), "Optimization of build orientation in FFF using response surface methodology and posterior-based method", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 27 No. 5, pp. 967-994. https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-07-2020-0162

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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