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Auxetic structures fabricated by material extrusion: an experimental investigation of gradient parameters

Swapnil Vyavahare (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat, India)
Soham Teraiya (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat, India)
Shailendra Kumar (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat, India)

Rapid Prototyping Journal

ISSN: 1355-2546

Article publication date: 8 June 2021

Issue publication date: 14 July 2021

243

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to focus on studying the influence of gradient parameters, namely, thickness coefficient, length coefficient and height ratio of auxetic structure on responses such as strength, stiffness and specific energy absorption (SEA) under compressive loading. Optimization of significant parameters is also performed to maximize responses. Further, efforts have also been made to develop regression models for strength, stiffness and SEA of auxetic structure.

Design/methodology/approach

Central composite design of response surface methodology is used for planning experiments. Auxetic structures of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) and poly-lactic acid (PLA) materials are fabricated by the material extrusion (ME) technique of additive manufacturing. Fabricated structures are tested under in-plane uniaxial compressive loading. Grey relational analysis is used for the optimization of gradient parameters of the unit cell of auxetic structure to maximize responses and minimize weight and time of fabrication.

Findings

From the analysis of variance of experimental data, it is found that the compressive strength of auxetic structures increases with a decrease in length coefficient and height ratio. In the case of ABS structures, stiffness increases with a decrease in thickness coefficient and length coefficient, while in the case of PLA structures, stiffness increases with a decrease in length coefficient and height ratio. SEA is influenced by length coefficient and thickness coefficient in ABS and PLA structures, respectively. Based on the analysis, statistical non-linear quadratic models are developed to predict strength, stiffness and SEA. Optimal configuration of auxetic structure is determined to maximize strength, stiffness, SEA and minimize weight and time of fabrication.

Research limitations/implications

The present study is limited to re-entrant type of auxetic structures made of ABS and PLA materials only under compressive loading. Also, results from the current study are valid within a selected range of gradient parameters. The findings of the present study are useful in the optimal selection of gradient parameters for the fabrication of auxetic structures of maximum strength, stiffness and SEA with minimum weight and time of fabrication. These outcomes have wide applications in domains such as automotive, aerospace, sports and marine sectors.

Originality/value

Limited literature is available on studying the influence of gradient parameters of ME manufactured auxetic structure of ABS and PLA materials on responses, namely, strength, stiffness and SEA under compressive loading. Also, no work has been reported on studying the influence of gradient parameters on mechanical properties, weight and time of fabrication of auxetic structures. The present study is an attempt to fulfil the above research gaps.

Keywords

Citation

Vyavahare, S., Teraiya, S. and Kumar, S. (2021), "Auxetic structures fabricated by material extrusion: an experimental investigation of gradient parameters", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 27 No. 5, pp. 1041-1058. https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-05-2020-0107

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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