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Surface Roughness Evaluation of Weft Knitted Fabric by Using a Textile Surface Tester

Najeh Maâtoug (Textile Research Unit of ISET Ksar Hellal, Tunisia)
Mehdi Sahnoun (Textile Research Unit of ISET Ksar Hellal, Tunisia)
Faouzi Sakli (Textile Research Unit of ISET Ksar Hellal, Tunisia)

Research Journal of Textile and Apparel

ISSN: 1560-6074

Article publication date: 1 November 2011

Abstract

A Textile Surface Tester was used in this study to measure the surface roughness of weft knitted fabric. The aim of this work is to examine the influence of fabric parameters and test conditions on the sample's surface roughness. In this investigation, tests were carried out on single jersey knitted fabric for outwear. The measurement was carried out via an inductive sensor for displacement which produces signal in relation to the sample relives. We applied decomposition via the Fourier and the wavelet transforms to extract useful data from the produced signals signal. The surface roughness parameters were calculated according to the standard ISO 4287 (1997). Implications of the results on the influence of the stitch length and the yarn count on surface roughness are discussed.

Keywords

Citation

Maâtoug, N., Sahnoun, M. and Sakli, F. (2011), "Surface Roughness Evaluation of Weft Knitted Fabric by Using a Textile Surface Tester", Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, Vol. 15 No. 4, pp. 44-54. https://doi.org/10.1108/RJTA-15-04-2011-B006

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011 Emerald Group Publishing Limited