The purpose of this paper is to compare light fastness assessments by exposure of fabric dyes with various dyes in daylight and an artificial xenon arc lamp.
Cotton fabric dyed with 66 reactive, vat, azoic and direct dyes dyed in different depths were exposed to daylight and Xenon arc lamp for assessment of light fastness by standard methods. The light fastness rating and fading hours by the two methods were analysed and compared statistically.
The correlation between the corresponding light fastness rating (LFR) measured in Xenotest and daylight is quite high (0.93). The logarithmic correlation coefficients between fading hour (FH) and LFR in Xenotest and daylight are 0.95 and 0.88, respectively. For Xenotest, the assessed LFRs are same as those predicted from geometric progression up to LFR of 5.5, and thereafter, the former is higher. On the other hand, in the case of daylight, the assessed LFR is lower. Assessments for three successive seasons showed high repeatability in case of Xenotest and moderate repeatability in case of daylight. Assessments for three successive seasons showed high repeatability in case of Xenotest and moderate repeatability in case of daylight.
The exposure conditions in daylight cannot be controlled or standardised, whereas the exposure in Xenon arc lamp in the accelerated fading instrument can be strictly controlled. These differences in exposure control may affect the repeatability of experimental findings.
Inconsistent ratings may be because of little deterioration of samples during storage, as well as seasonal variation of daylight.
There are no direct social implications.
The researches on the comparison of the two light fastness assessment methods have not been reported in any recent publication to the best our knowledge.
The authors are thankful to their students, Bhaskar Sen, Subrata Palt, Prasanta Sarkar and Pranab Maji, for conducting the experiments and for collecting necessary data for this project work.
Roy Choudhury, A. and Chatterjee, B. (2019), "A study on comparative colour fading in daylight and xenon arc lamp", Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, Vol. 23 No. 1, pp. 2-17. https://doi.org/10.1108/RJTA-05-2018-0037Download as .RIS
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