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Physico-chemical characterisation of epoxy acrylate resin from jatropha seed oil

Emiliana Rose Jusoh Taib (Higher Institution Centre of Excellence Wood and Tropical Fibre (HICoE), Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP), Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia)
Luqman Chuah Abdullah (Higher Institution Centre of Excellence Wood and Tropical Fibre (HICoE), Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP), Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia and Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia)
Min Min Aung (Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia)
Mahiran Basri (Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia)
Mek Zah Salleh (Radiation Processing Technology Division, Malaysia Nuclear Agency, Bangi, Malaysia)
Sariah Saalah (Chemical Engineering Programme, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia)
Suhaini Mamat (School of Chemical Engineering Technology, Malaysian Institute of Chemical and Bioengineering Technology, Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Alor Gajah, Malaysia)
Ching Yern Chee (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Jia Li Wong (Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia)

Pigment & Resin Technology

ISSN: 0369-9420

Article publication date: 6 November 2017

197

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to demonstrate the synthesis of polyesterification reaction of non-edible jatropha seed oil (JO) and acrylic acid, which leads to the production of acrylated epoxidised-based resin. To understand the physico-chemical characteristics when synthesis the JO-based epoxy acrylate, the effect of temperature on the reaction, concentration of acrylic acid and role of catalyst on reaction time and acid value were studied.

Design/methodology/approach

First, the double bond in JO was functionalised by epoxidation using the solvent-free performic method. The subsequent process was acrylation with acrylic acid using the base catalyst triethylamine and 4-methoxyphenol as an inhibitor respectively. The physico-chemical characteristics during the synthesis of the epoxy acrylate such as acid value was monitored and analysed. The formation of the epoxy and acrylate group was confirmed by a Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy spectra analysis and nuclear magnetic resonance analysis.

Findings

The optimum reaction condition was achieved at a ratio of epoxidised JO to acrylic acid of 1:1.5 and the reaction temperature of 110°C. This was indicated by the acid value reduction from 86 to 15 mg KOH/g sample at 6 hours.

Practical implications

The JO-based epoxy acrylate synthesised has a potential to be used in formulations the prepolymer resin for UV curable coating applications. The JO which is from natural resources and is sustainable raw materials that possible reduce the dependency on petroleum-based coating.

Originality/value

The epoxidised jatropha seed oil epoxy acrylate was synthesised, as a new type of oligomer resin that contains a reactive acrylate group, which can be alternative to petroleum-based coating and can used further in the formulation of the radiation curable coating.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from Research University Grant Scheme (RUGS) from Universiti Putra Malaysia Project no:05-02-12-2203RU and High Impact Research MoE Grant UM.C/625/1/HIR/MoE/52 from the Ministry of Education Malaysia, RU022A-2014, and also Ministry of Higher Education and Malaysian Institute of Nuclear for the success of this project. The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from Ministry of Higher Education and Malaysian Institute of Nuclear.

Citation

Jusoh Taib, E.R., Abdullah, L.C., Aung, M.M., Basri, M., Salleh, M.Z., Saalah, S., Mamat, S., Chee, C.Y. and Wong, J.L. (2017), "Physico-chemical characterisation of epoxy acrylate resin from jatropha seed oil", Pigment & Resin Technology, Vol. 46 No. 6, pp. 485-495. https://doi.org/10.1108/PRT-11-2016-0116

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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