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Cobalt-containing diopside pigments based on granulated blast furnace slag

Аleksandr Viktorovich Zaichuk (Department of Ceramics and Glass, Ukrainian State University of Chemical Technology, Dnipro, Ukraine)
Аleksandra Andreevna Amelina (Department of Ceramics and Glass, Ukrainian State University of Chemical Technology, Dnipro, Ukraine)
Yurii Sergeevich Hordieiev (Chemical Technology of Ceramics, Glass and Building Materials, Ukrainian State University of Chemical Technology, Dnipro, Ukraine)

Pigment & Resin Technology

ISSN: 0369-9420

Article publication date: 7 March 2023

Issue publication date: 15 July 2024

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to the low-temperature synthesis of cobalt-containing diopside pigments based on granulated blast furnace slag and to study the characteristics of the mineral formation processes, changes in the structure and colour indices.

Design/methodology/approach

Synthesis of cobalt-containing diopside pigments based was carried out by the directional formation of the mineralogical composition with the introduction of part of the components using granulated blast-furnace slag.

Findings

It has been established that the formation of the diopside phase in pigments containing blast-furnace slag as the main component proceeds at low temperatures (1,100°C–1,150 °C). The colour of diopside pigments is formed because of the isomorphic substitution of Si4+ ions for Al3+ ions and Mg2+ ions for Co2+ ions. It is expedient to add CoO in an amount of 0.9 mol (18 Wt.%) into the composition of diopside pigments based on blast-furnace slag to obtain defect-free violet glazes.

Practical implications

The developed diopside pigments enable obtaining of high-quality violet glazes for ceramics. The application of the obtained results can significantly reduce the consumption of traditional raw materials in the composition of silicate ceramic pigments, as well as reduce their firing temperature.

Originality/value

Calcium, magnesium and silicon oxides are the main components of blast-furnace slag. In addition, granulated blast furnace slag is mainly represented by the glassy phase, which determines its high activity during the firing process. These factors are prerequisites for using the blast-furnace slag as a valuable substitute for chemically pure or natural raw materials in silicate pigments and reducing their firing temperature.

Keywords

Citation

Zaichuk, А.V., Amelina, А.A. and Hordieiev, Y.S. (2024), "Cobalt-containing diopside pigments based on granulated blast furnace slag", Pigment & Resin Technology, Vol. 53 No. 5, pp. 624-630. https://doi.org/10.1108/PRT-10-2022-0112

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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