Optimization of aqueous extraction of orevactaene and flavanoid pigments produced by Epicoccum nigrum

Sawinder Kaur (Department of Food Technology and Nutrition, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, India)
Paramjit S. Panesar (Department of Food Engineering, Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Sangrur, Punjab, India)
Sushma Gurumayum (Department of Basic Engineering and Applied Sciences, Central Agricultural University College of Agricultural Engineering and Post Harvest Technology, Ranipool, Sikkim, India)
Prasad Rasane (Department of Food Technology and Nutrition, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, India)
Vikas Kumar (Department of Food Technology and Nutrition, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, India)

Pigment & Resin Technology

ISSN: 0369-9420

Publication date: 1 July 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The extraction of bioactive compounds such as pigments from natural sources, using different solvents, is a vital downstream process. The present study aims to investigate the effect of different variables, namely, extraction temperature, mass of fermented rice and time on the extraction process of orevactaene and flavanoid pigment from Epicoccum nigrum fermented broken rice.

Design/methodology/approach

Central composite rotatable design under response surface methodology was used for deducing optimized conditions. The pigments were extracted under conditions of extraction temperature (40-70°C), mass of fermented rice (0.5-1.5 g) and time (30-90 min), using water as the extraction media. The experimental data obtained were studied by analysis of variance. Data were fitted to a second-order polynomial equation using multiple regression analysis.

Findings

The optimum conditions generated by the software for aqueous extraction process, i.e. extraction temperature of 55.7°C, 0.79 g of fermented matter and extraction time of 56.6 min, resulted in a pigment yield of 52.7AU/g orevactaene and 77.2 AU/g flavanoid.

Research limitations/implications

The developed polynomial empirical model for the optimal recovery of the orevactaene and flavanoid pigments could be used for further studies in prediction of yield under specified variable conditions.

Practical implications

The response surface methodology helped in optimizng the conditions for the eco-friendly low-cost aqueous extarction process for orevactaene and flavanoid pigments, produced by Epicoccum nigrum during solid state fermentation of broken rice. This optimization can provide the basis for scaling up for industrial extraction process.

Originality/value

This paper focuses on optimizing the extraction conditions to get the maximum yield of orevactaene and flavanoid pigments, using water as the extracting media. No literature is available on the optimization of the extraction process of Epicoccum nigrum pigments, to the best of the authors’ knowledge.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to acknowledge Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, which has facilitated this research work.

Citation

Kaur, S., Panesar, P.S., Gurumayum, S., Rasane, P. and Kumar, V. (2019), "Optimization of aqueous extraction of orevactaene and flavanoid pigments produced by Epicoccum nigrum", Pigment & Resin Technology, Vol. 48 No. 4, pp. 301-308. https://doi.org/10.1108/PRT-08-2018-0082

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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