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Investigation of deinking efficiencies of trigromi laserjet printed papers depending on the number of recycling

Ufuk Yılmaz (Forest Industry Engineering, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam Universitesi, Kahramanmaras, Turkey)

Pigment & Resin Technology

ISSN: 0369-9420

Article publication date: 22 December 2022




This study aims to determine the ink removal efficiency of papers with different recycling numbers and to examine some electrophotographic printing properties.


The base papers prepared according to the INGEDE 11p standard are subjected to six recycling stages (RS) under equal conditions. The physical-optical properties of the papers obtained at the end of each RS are measured and CMYK (cyan, magenta, yellow, key) color measurement scales are printed on each paper with electrophotographic printing. Color measurements of the printed papers are measured using the X-Rite eXact spectrophotometer, adhering to the ISO 13655:2017 standard. According to the measurement results of the optical properties, the ink removal efficiency of each recycling step is determined as a percentage (%) using some formulas.


As general, according to DEMLab and IERIC data, it is determined that the ink removal efficiency increased as the recycling repetition increased. In DEMf factor values, the highest deinking efficiency is obtained after the fourth RS. There is no significant difference between the printing properties of the samples.


It has been a matter of curiosity that papers lose their properties after how many RS. Many studies have been carried out on this subject and it has been presented by experimental methods that the printability properties of papers increase or decrease after which RS. This study can be a pioneer for future studies.



Yılmaz, U. (2022), "Investigation of deinking efficiencies of trigromi laserjet printed papers depending on the number of recycling", Pigment & Resin Technology, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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