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The work-life interface: a critical factor between work stressors and job satisfaction

Victoria P. Weale (Department of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia)
Yvonne D. Wells (Australian Institute for Primary Care and Ageing, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia)
Jodi Oakman (Department of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia)

Personnel Review

ISSN: 0048-3486

Article publication date: 2 May 2019

Issue publication date: 23 May 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore job satisfaction, and how the work-life interface might affect job satisfaction, among residential aged care staff. The statistical package PROCESS was used to analyse the impacts of workplace stressors (poor safety climate, poor relationships with colleagues and poor relationships with management) and potential mediating variables that measured aspects of the work-life interface, specifically work-family conflict (WFC) and work-life balance.

Design/methodology/approach

This survey research was carried out through distribution of a paper-based questionnaire to approximately 800 permanent, fixed term and casual employees working in residential aged care. All job roles, including both direct care and support staff, were represented in the sample.

Findings

WFC and work-life balance act serially to mediate the relationships between workplace stressors and job satisfaction.

Research limitations/implications

Study participants were restricted to residential aged care facilities in the metropolitan Melbourne area, Australia, limiting generalisability of the findings.

Practical implications

The work-life interface is a legitimate concern for human resources managers. Implications include need for greater understanding of the contribution of work-life fit to job satisfaction. Interventions to improve job satisfaction should take into account how workplace stressors affect the work-life interface, as well as job-related outcomes. Enhanced work-life fit should improve job-related outcomes.

Originality/value

This paper explores the potential mediating roles of WFC and work-life balance on job satisfaction and demonstrates a pathway through which the work-life interface affects job satisfaction for workers in residential aged care.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Funding: This research was supported in part by funding from The Institute for Safety, Compensation and Recovery Research (ISCRR) and an Australian Government Research Training Program Scholarship. Victoria P. Weale, Centre for Ergonomics, Safety and Health, School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University; Yvonne D. Wells, Australian Institute for Primary Care and Ageing, La Trobe University; Jodi Oakman, Centre for Ergonomics Safety and Health, School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University.

Citation

Weale, V.P., Wells, Y.D. and Oakman, J. (2019), "The work-life interface: a critical factor between work stressors and job satisfaction", Personnel Review, Vol. 48 No. 4, pp. 880-897. https://doi.org/10.1108/PR-09-2016-0226

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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