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What if employees with intrinsic work values are given autonomy in worker co-operatives? Integration of the job demands–resources model and supplies–values fit theory

Rhokeun Park (College of Business, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Republic of Korea)

Personnel Review

ISSN: 0048-3486

Article publication date: 22 February 2022

Issue publication date: 2 May 2023

902

Abstract

Purpose

This study explores the role of intrinsic work values as a motivator in the workplace. By integrating the job demands–resources model and supplies–values fit theory, it also investigates whether autonomy and worker co-operatives can strengthen the intrinsic motivation of employees who have strong intrinsic work values.

Design/methodology/approach

Longitudinal surveys collected at 25 worker co-operatives and 27 corporations were analyzed with a model in which a moderated mediation model and a mediated moderation model are integrated.

Findings

The results revealed that individuals with strong intrinsic work values had stronger intrinsic motivation and engaged less frequently in job search behavior. The moderation analyses demonstrated that employees with strong intrinsic work values were more strongly motivated in worker co-operatives than in corporations and that this result was obtained because more autonomy was granted in worker co-operatives than in corporations.

Research limitations/implications

To date, little research has examined the moderating roles of autonomy and worker co-ops in the associations of intrinsic work values with employee motivation and behavior. The present study contributes to the literature on work values and worker co-operatives by providing evidence that autonomy and worker co-operatives can accelerate intrinsic motivation of employees with intrinsic work values.

Practical implications

Managers should grant employees enough autonomy and opportunities to participate in decision-making to stimulate their motivation, especially for employees with strong intrinsic work values.

Originality/value

By integrating the job demands–resources model with the supplies–values fit theory, this study proposes interaction effects of a personal resource with job and organizational resources on intrinsic motivation.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Hankuk University of Foreign Studies Research Fund.

Citation

Park, R. (2023), "What if employees with intrinsic work values are given autonomy in worker co-operatives? Integration of the job demands–resources model and supplies–values fit theory", Personnel Review, Vol. 52 No. 3, pp. 724-744. https://doi.org/10.1108/PR-05-2021-0362

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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