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The role of job crafting and knowledge sharing on the effect of transformational leadership on innovative work behavior

Bilal Afsar (Department of Management Sciences, Hazara University, Mansehra, Pakistan)
Mariam Masood (Department of Management Sciences, Hazara University, Mansehra, Pakistan)
Waheed Ali Umrani (Department of Business Administration, Sukkur Institute of Business Administration, Sukkur, Pakistan)

Personnel Review

ISSN: 0048-3486

Article publication date: 13 May 2019

Issue publication date: 22 July 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of transformational leadership on an employee’s innovative work behavior through job crafting. In addition, the study explores the moderating effect of knowledge sharing behavior in the relationship between transformational leadership and innovative work behavior.

Design/methodology/approach

A quantitative and cross-sectional approach was used to collect data. Data were collected from 325 subordinates and 126 supervisors working in the hotel industry. Subordinates were asked to rate transformational leadership style of their respective supervisors and their own job crafting and knowledge sharing behaviors. Supervisors were asked to rate innovative work behavior of their respective subordinates.

Findings

The results showed that job crafting behaviors (increasing structural job resources, increasing social resources and increasing job challenges) mediated the effect of transformational leadership on an employee’s innovative work behavior. Moreover, knowledge sharing moderated the relationship between transformational leadership and innovative work behavior.

Practical implications

Organizations may reap the benefits of an innovative workforce by selecting, nurturing and developing transformational leaders who facilitate employees to proactively craft a challenging and resourceful work environment.

Originality/value

This is the first study to test the mediating effect of job crafting behaviors on the relationship between transformational leadership and innovative work behavior.

Keywords

Citation

Afsar, B., Masood, M. and Umrani, W.A. (2019), "The role of job crafting and knowledge sharing on the effect of transformational leadership on innovative work behavior", Personnel Review, Vol. 48 No. 5, pp. 1186-1208. https://doi.org/10.1108/PR-04-2018-0133

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited