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Inclusive leadership and knowledge sharing in Japanese workplaces: the role of diversity in the biological sex of workplace personnel

Yuta Morinaga (Faculty of Economics, Musashi University, Tokyo, Japan)
Yuki Sato (Faculty of Economics, Ryutsu Keizai University, Ryugasaki, Japan)
Shohei Hayashi (Faculty of Economics, Meiji Gakuin University, Tokyo, Japan)
Tomoyuki Shimanuki (Graduate School of Business Administration, Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo, Japan)

Personnel Review

ISSN: 0048-3486

Article publication date: 3 June 2022

Issue publication date: 2 June 2023

605

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine the impact of managers’ inclusive leadership (IL) on knowledge-sharing (KS) behavior. Additionally, the authors consider the cross-level moderation effect of diversity in the biological sex of employees on the relationship between IL and employee KS behaviors.

Design/methodology/approach

A two-wave questionnaire survey was conducted in a large Japanese company. The sample included 827 employees (254 men and 573 women) in 129 groups. The authors, then, conducted a cross-level analysis using hierarchical linear modeling (HLM).

Findings

IL promotes two types of KS among employees: knowledge donating (KD) and knowledge collecting (KC). Additionally, the moderating effects of employee biological-sex diversity on the relationship between IL and KS varied according to the KS type. IL had a positive effect on KD only in groups with higher biological-sex diversity, and did not affect groups with lower biological-sex diversity. Biological-sex diversity did not moderate the relationship between IL and KC.

Practical implications

This study has practical implications, especially for personnel departments with high diversity in employees’ biological sex. Further, to improve employees’ KS behaviors, it may be important to develop managers’ IL skills.

Originality/value

This is the first study that explores the relationship between IL and KS and the first to provide evidence of the moderating effect of diversity of employee’s biological sex.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to express their gratitude to the Center for Management Innovation Research at Hitotsubashi University for their financial support in the preparation of this paper.

Citation

Morinaga, Y., Sato, Y., Hayashi, S. and Shimanuki, T. (2023), "Inclusive leadership and knowledge sharing in Japanese workplaces: the role of diversity in the biological sex of workplace personnel", Personnel Review, Vol. 52 No. 5, pp. 1405-1419. https://doi.org/10.1108/PR-02-2021-0111

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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