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Workplace flexibility and its relationship with work-interferes-with-family

Michael Halinski (School of Management, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada)
Linda Duxbury (School of Business, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada)

Personnel Review

ISSN: 0048-3486

Article publication date: 13 November 2019

Issue publication date: 14 January 2020




Drawing from the workplace flexibility and coping literatures, the purpose of this paper is to re-conceptualize the workplace flexibility construct as a coping resource that may help prevent work-interferes-with-family (WIF) from arising and/or assist employees manage such interference when it has occurred. A measure capturing this re-conceptualized view of flexibility is developed and tested using two samples of dual-income employees with dependent care demands.


In Study 1, the authors use LISERL to develop and test a new multi-dimensional measure of workplace flexibility (n1=6,659). In Study 2 (n2=947), the authors use partial least squares, a component-based structural equation modeling technique, to test a model that posits workplace flexibility that helps employees cope with WIF.


This research provides support for the idea that workplace flexibility helps employees cope with WIF by: preventing interference (i.e. negatively moderating the relationship between work hours and WIF), and managing interference that has occurred (i.e. negatively moderating relationship between WIF and perceived stress).


This study highlights the complexity of the relationship between workplace flexibility and work-to-family interference and offers guidelines on how employers and employees can use the workplace flexibility measure developed in this study.



Halinski, M. and Duxbury, L. (2020), "Workplace flexibility and its relationship with work-interferes-with-family", Personnel Review, Vol. 49 No. 1, pp. 149-166.



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