The use of extrusion technology for encapsulation of bioactive components for their improved stability and bioavailability
Article publication date: 6 December 2022
The purpose of this article was to highlight the various methods of extrusion technologies for encapsulation of bioactive components (BACs).
BACs provide numerous health-care benefits; however, downsides, including a strong effect of organoleptic properties by reason of the bitterness and acridity of a few components, and also a short shelf-life, limit their application in food. The food industry is still demanding complicated qualities from food ingredients, which were often impossible to obtain without encapsulation such as stability, delayed release, thermal protection and an acceptable sensory profile. Various techniques such as melt injection extrusion, hot-melt extrusion, electrostatic extrusion, co-extrusion and particles from gas-saturated solutions, could be used for maintaining these characteristics.
Extrusion technology has been well used for encapsulation of bioactive chemicals in an effort to avoid their numerous downsides and to boost their use in food. The count of BACs that could be encapsulated has risen owing to the extrusion technology just as form of encapsulation. Extrusion technique also aids in the devaluation of the fragment size of encapsulated BACs, allowing for greater application in the food business.
The study reported that encapsulating BACs makes them more stable in both the product itself and in the gastrointestinal tract, so using encapsulated BACs would result in a product with stronger preventive properties.
Conflict of interest: No conflict of interest has been reported by any of the authors.
Manzoor, S., Hussain, S.Z., Amin, T., Bashir, O., Naseer, B., Jabeen, A., Fayaz, U., Nisar, N., Mushtaq, A., Yousouf, M., Naseem, Z. and Khan, U. (2022), "The use of extrusion technology for encapsulation of bioactive components for their improved stability and bioavailability", Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-04-2022-0125
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