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Changes in food consumption expenditure during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia

Eka Rastiyanto Amrullah (Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan and Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Instrument Standardization, Ministry of Agriculture Republic of Indonesia, South Jakarta, Indonesia)
Aris Rusyiana (BPS-Statistics Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia, and)
Hiromi Tokuda (Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan)

Nutrition & Food Science

ISSN: 0034-6659

Article publication date: 11 June 2024

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Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to explore the structural changes in food consumption expenditure in Indonesia before and during the COVID-19 pandemic using data from the 2020 and 2021 National Socioeconomic Survey by Statistics Indonesia.

Design/methodology/approach

The quadratic almost-ideal demand system analysis model is used to estimate changes in the share of food consumption and the demand and price elasticity of food commodities in Indonesia. A total of 15 food items are analyzed to determine changes in food consumption expenditure during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Findings

The results of this study show that during the COVID-19 pandemic, there was an increase in the proportion of household expenditure related to the consumption of home-cooked food. Simultaneously, the proportion of expenditure on prepared food significantly decreased.

Practical implications

The pandemic has changed household food consumption in Indonesia. This study recommends that the government ensure the availability of supplies and stability of food prices and provide financial subsidies to maintain food consumption, especially for lower-income communities.

Originality/value

There has yet to be a study on the changes in household food consumption during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. Therefore, this research provides empirical evidence that there were changes in household food expenditure during the pandemic.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The first author would like to thank the Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education (LPDP) under the Ministry of Finance, Republic of Indonesia for its scholarship funding.

Citation

Amrullah, E.R., Rusyiana, A. and Tokuda, H. (2024), "Changes in food consumption expenditure during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia", Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-02-2024-0037

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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