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Challenges and difficulties of technology commercialization − a mixed-methods study of an industrial development organization

Neda Khalil Zadeh (Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran)
Mohammad Khalilzadeh (Department of Industrial Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran)
Mehrdad Mozafari (Department of Management, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran)
Morteza Vasei (Department of Industrial Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran)
Ali Amoei Ojaki (University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran)

Management Research Review

ISSN: 2040-8269

Article publication date: 17 July 2017

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to reveal the challenges and problems of technology commercialization in an industrial development organization in Iran.

Design/methodology/approach

To achieve the objective of this paper, a mixed-methods case study was used. Initially, 15 in-depth interviews with technology commercialization experts were conducted and 43 themes were extracted as problems of technology commercialization. The outcomes of the interviews informed the development of the questionnaire. Subsequently, a survey of 205 experts was performed to examine the responses obtained from the interviews. The main problems were identified through exploratory factor analysis and evaluated through confirmatory factor analysis.

Findings

Seven factors are identified as the main difficulties of technology commercialization, including weakness in the commercialization process, challenges of the business environment, weak organizational structure, inefficient project management, ineffective cooperation with non-governmental sectors, failure to collaborate with stakeholders and conflicting political behaviors.

Practical implications

The outcomes of this research inform the organization’s managers of the poor conditions and barriers of the technology commercialization process. The findings also help managers to overcome the challenges that are under the control of the organization.

Originality/value

This paper contributes to the knowledge on technology commercialization by exploring the main factors that form barriers to and difficulties of technology commercialization in an industrial development organization and suggesting appropriate solutions.

Keywords

Citation

Khalil Zadeh, N., Khalilzadeh, M., Mozafari, M., Vasei, M. and Amoei Ojaki, A. (2017), "Challenges and difficulties of technology commercialization − a mixed-methods study of an industrial development organization", Management Research Review, Vol. 40 No. 7, pp. 745-767. https://doi.org/10.1108/MRR-08-2016-0192

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited