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Research on the influence of the discharge breakdown process on the crater formation during EDM

Wenchao Zhang (Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian, China)

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures

ISSN: 1573-6105

Article publication date: 27 May 2021

Issue publication date: 7 June 2021

104

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study the breakdown, oscillation and vanishing of the discharge channel and its influence on crater formation with simulation and experimental methods. The experiment results verified the effect of the oscillating characteristics of the discharge channel on the shape of the crater.

Design/methodology/approach

A mathematical model that considers the magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) and the discharge channel oscillation was established. The micro process of discharging based on magnetic-fluid coupling during electrical discharge machining (EDM) was simulated. The breakdown, oscillation and vanishing stage of the discharge channel were analyzed, and the crater after machining was obtained. Finally, a single-pulse discharge experiment during EDM was conducted to verify the simulation model.

Findings

During the breakdown of the discharge channel, the electrons move towards the center of the discharge channel. The electrons at the end diverge due to the action of water resistance, making the discharge channel appear wide at both ends and narrow in the middle, showing the pinch effect. Due to the mutual attraction of electrons and positive ions in the channel, the transverse oscillation of the discharge channel is shown on the micro level. Therefore, the position of the discharge point on the workpiece changes. The longitudinal oscillation in the discharge channel causes the molten pool on the workpiece to be ejected due to the changing pressure. The experimental results show that the shape of the crater is similar to that in the simulation, which verifies the correctness of the simulation results and also proves that the crater generated by the single pulse discharge is essentially the result of the interaction between transverse wave and longitudinal wave.

Originality/value

In this paper, the simulation of the discharge breakdown process in EDM was carried out, and a new mathematical model that considers the MHD and the discharge channel oscillation was established. Based on the MHD module, the discharge breakdown, oscillation and vanishing stages were simulated, and the velocity field and pressure field in the discharge area were obtained.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper.

Citation

Zhang, W. (2021), "Research on the influence of the discharge breakdown process on the crater formation during EDM", Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, Vol. 17 No. 4, pp. 841-860. https://doi.org/10.1108/MMMS-01-2021-0005

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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