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Effective approach of microprocessor throughput enhancement

Adama Samake (Department of Electronics, Akademia Gorniczo-Hutnicza imienia Stanislawa Staszica w Krakowie, Krakow, Poland)
Piotr Kocanda (Department of Electronics, AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland)
Andrzej Kos (Department of Electronics, AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland)

Microelectronics International

ISSN: 1356-5362

Article publication date: 7 January 2019

Issue publication date: 7 January 2019




This paper aims to present an effective approach to integrated circuit (IC) throughput enhancement, called TΔT thermal control. It does not require any micro-architectural change of the IC. The only modification is the attachment of an additional temperature sensor at the heatsink boundary. TΔT control technique enables assessment of changes in the dimension of cooling conditions and quick reaction to the dynamic changes in the surrounding environment. As a result, the chip can operate flexibly while minimizing thermal violation.


Using additional knowledge about the surroundings, the on-chip temperature is regulated. The approach is first investigated theoretically. To validate the utilized thermal model, the measured temperature values of the designed and fabricated testing device are compared with the simulated one. The authors evaluated the impact of the additional sensor location on the reaction time (RT). Using the Spice model, further investigation helps to verify the hypothesis.


The control technique described in this paper showed that the temperature of the chip can be regulated using an additional knowledge of the surrounding environment. It has also been demonstrated that the attachment of an additional temperature sensor close to the cooled surface of the package enables TΔT thermal control technique to react faster (rapid powering up/down of the IC). Therefore, this lowers the risk of shutdown while keeping the temperature close to the thermal limit (the maximal temperature of the chip) for a significant period. The simulation results showed that a higher ambient temperature leads to diminution of the interval in which the on-chip temperature stays almost constant when TΔT technique is used (time shift).


In this study, a new thermal throttling technique that uses the full physical ability of the chip operating under thermal constraint has been evaluated.



The authors wish to thank National Science Centre for the financial support and project grant FALCON 2014/13/B/ST7/01634.


Samake, A., Kocanda, P. and Kos, A. (2019), "Effective approach of microprocessor throughput enhancement", Microelectronics International, Vol. 36 No. 1, pp. 14-21.



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