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Speak up! Enhancing risk performance with enterprise risk management, leadership style and employee voice

Johanna Sax (Department of Strategic Management and Globalization, Copenhagen Business School, Frederiksberg, Denmark)
Simon S. Torp (Aarhus University, Herning, Denmark)

Management Decision

ISSN: 0025-1747

Article publication date: 17 August 2015

5476

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to test the effect of psychological safety and participative leadership style on risk performance as well as its interaction with enterprise risk management (ERM) processes to evaluate if a decentralisation in the form of a safe environment and participative leadership style enhances or crowds out the effect of a centralised-ERM process.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on a survey among top-500 Danish companies, the paper tests in SEM the relationships between ERM, participative leadership style and psychological safety on risk performance

Findings

The paper finds that not only do both ERM and participative leadership style enhance risk performance but a positive interaction effect is also found. In addition, the findings suggest that a safe environment precede participative leadership style indicating this as a prerequisite for management to introduce participative leadership style. These findings underpin that an effective risk management system should include both a holistic, formalised ERM system and organisational initiatives that enhance a strategic responsiveness through employee involvement.

Originality/value

The current study provides new empirical insights about the effect of a formal ERM process on risk performance as well as cultural factors for ERM success. As something new to the risk management literature, it draws on leadership and employee voice theory and investigates participative leadership style and psychological safety for employee voice as contextual influences on the effect of a formal ERM process on risk performance.

Keywords

Citation

Sax, J. and Torp, S.S. (2015), "Speak up! Enhancing risk performance with enterprise risk management, leadership style and employee voice", Management Decision, Vol. 53 No. 7, pp. 1452-1468. https://doi.org/10.1108/MD-10-2014-0625

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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