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Impact of host country institutional context on subsidiary performance

Chinmay Pattnaik (Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia)
SoonKyoo Choe (Yonsei School of Business, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea)
Deeksha Singh (School of Business, Rutgers University, Camden, NJ, US)

Management Decision

ISSN: 0025-1747

Article publication date: 9 February 2015




The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of quality of market supporting institutions (institutional quality) in host country and the similarities and differences of institutional quality between the home and host country (institutional distance) on subsidiary performance.


Based on the conceptualization of new institutional economics, the authors divide quality of host country institutions into factor markets; product, capital, labor market and sociopolitical dimensions. The authors examine the impact of the quality these institutional dimensions in host countries and their difference between home and host country on the performance of 318 subsidiaries of 146 Korean listed manufacturing firms operating in 28 host countries from 2001 to 2006.


The empirical results based on 1,129 observations show that institutional distance explains a significant variance in the subsidiary performance. In particular, the difference in quality of institutions in product, capital and labor market has negative impact on subsidiary performance. However, except for quality of regulation in labor market, host country institutional qualities do not significantly explain the variation in subsidiary performance.


The evidence suggests that host country institutions matter substantially when considered with their relative similarity and difference with home country institutions. The impact of individual dimensions of institutions varies on subsidiary performance.



Pattnaik, C., Choe, S. and Singh, D. (2015), "Impact of host country institutional context on subsidiary performance", Management Decision, Vol. 53 No. 1, pp. 198-220.



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