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Managing industrial operations by lean thinking using value stream mapping and six sigma in manufacturing unit: Case studies

Jagdeep Singh (Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, Dr B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, India)
Harwinder Singh (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Guru Nanak Dev Engineering College, Ludhiana, India)
Amandeep Singh (Department of Mechanical Engineering, I.K. Gujral Punjab Technical University, Kapurthala, India)
Jashanpreet Singh (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Guru Nanak Dev Engineering College, Ludhiana, India)

Management Decision

ISSN: 0025-1747

Article publication date: 12 June 2019

Issue publication date: 27 April 2020

2869

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to cover the significance of lean thinking using value stream mapping and six sigma methodology in managing industrial operations.

Design/methodology/approach

Lean manufacturing is an efficient approach for identifying and eliminating waste through a continuous improvement via flow of the product/service at the pull of customer in chase of exactness. This study has been carried out in a manufacturing unit of Northern India that was suffering from high production lead time and work in progress (WIP) inventory.

Findings

The current state and future state maps for the critical product have been prepared. On comparison of both current and future state maps, it was observed that lead time has been reduced by 14.88 percent, processing time by 14.71 percent and wastage of material movement by 37.97 percent. As proposed in model, the WIP inventories have been reduced by 17.76 percent and workforce by 17.64 percent. Further it would lead to the profit of Rs161,800 per annum. Six sigma projects have been carried out to reduce rejections of the critical product P-19 under study. The total length of the product was undersize of the critical product. Root cause analysis technique has been used through strategic DMAIC implementation. Results of investigation demonstrated net savings of rupees 145,560 annually.

Originality/value

The paper demonstrates the practical application of lean thinking, showing how it can bring real breakthroughs in saving cost in the manufacturing industry.

Keywords

Citation

Singh, J., Singh, H., Singh, A. and Singh, J. (2020), "Managing industrial operations by lean thinking using value stream mapping and six sigma in manufacturing unit: Case studies", Management Decision, Vol. 58 No. 6, pp. 1118-1148. https://doi.org/10.1108/MD-04-2017-0332

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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